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The Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade on Home Bias : An application to EU data

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  • Mark VANCAUTEREN

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is trying to estimate the impact of technical barriers to trade on bilateral trade flows of individual EU countries and to evaluate the downward impact of national border on trade flows (home bias). Here we try and identify the effect of technical barriers to trade on EU imports applied to data in which sectors where the EU has sought to introduce harmonized technical regulations to remove technical barriers to trade (New Approach, Old Approach, Mutual Recognition) as well as an aggregate of sectors for which technical barriers are deemed to be unimportant. Using the gravity model, we find that home bias remains substantial for products where the EU has sought to introduce harmonized technical regulations to remove technical barriers to trade but mutual recognition sectors exhibit the smallest home bias. Based upon the analysis on the evolution of home bias in the EU, we find no evidence that the home bias has decreased for products where differences in technical regulations are important.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark VANCAUTEREN, 2002. "The Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade on Home Bias : An application to EU data," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2002032, Universit√© catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2002032
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/IRES/2002-32.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jong-Il Kim & Lawrence J. Lau, 1996. "The sources of Asian Pacific economic growth," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(s1), pages 448-454, April.
    2. Davies, Stephen & Lyons, Bruce, 1996. "Industrial Organization in the European Union: Structure, Strategy, and the Competitive Mechanism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198289739.
    3. Trefler, Daniel, 1995. "The Case of the Missing Trade and Other Mysteries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1029-1046, December.
    4. Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 1997. "Measurement of Non-Tariff Barriers," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 179, OECD Publishing.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    home bias; gravity model; European integration; technical barriers to trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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