Quantile regressions analysis of the Italian school system
The score on a reading literacy test of 15 years old Italian students is here analyzed. The data depict a fracture in the Italian school system. By means of quantile regressions and by repeatedly implementing a quantile regression based test for structural break, computed in different sub-samples and at various quantiles, one can pin down the determinants of the gap and rank them. We find that the difference in curricula is the main factor in explaining the gap in the students scores; that the regional difference is linked to structural and behavioral variables, like poor library facilities and students absenteeism, both mirroring the economic lag of the southern Italian regions. In terms of policy actions, curbing absenteeism in the south can reduce the regional gap. If instead the target is to enhance excellence, funds should be directed toward academic track, public schools, north-centre regions.
|Date of creation:||Jun 2008|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche Via S. Angelo Loc. Folcara 03043 Cassino (FR) - Italy|
Web page: http://www.eco-giu.uniclam.it/Dipartimento/Info
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- D. W. K. Andrews, 2003.
"End-of-Sample Instability Tests,"
Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1661-1694, November.
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- Joshua Angrist & Victor Chernozhukov & Iván Fernández-Val, 2006. "Quantile Regression under Misspecification, with an Application to the U.S. Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(2), pages 539-563, 03.
- Joshua Angrist & Victor Chernozhukov & Ivan Fernandez-Val, 2004. "Quantile Regression under Misspecification, with an Application to the U.S. Wage Structure," NBER Working Papers 10428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Leslie G. Godfrey & Chris D. Orme, 2000. "Controlling the significance levels of prediction error tests for linear regression models," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 3(1), pages 66-83. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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