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Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe: Employment Effects in the EU

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  • Braconier, Henrik
  • Ekholm, Karolina

Abstract

We use firm-level data on Swedish multinationals to analyse how the recent expansion of affiliate employment in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has affected affiliate employment elsewhere. According to our results, employment in affiliates located in other low-wage countries in Europe decreased substantially as a consequence of the expansion in CEE. Furthermore, affiliate activities in these countries have become more sensitive to changes in labour costs as firms have set up production in CEE. We find that employment in Sweden and other high-wage European countries has also been affected, but these effects seem to be much smaller.

Suggested Citation

  • Braconier, Henrik & Ekholm, Karolina, 2001. "Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe: Employment Effects in the EU," CEPR Discussion Papers 3052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3052
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaan Masso & Urmas Varblane & Priit Vahter, 2010. "The Impact Of Outward Fdi On Home-Country Employment In A Low-Cost Transition Economy," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: David A Dyker (ed.), Network Dynamics In Emerging Regions Of Europe, chapter 16, pages 333-360, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Hübler, Michael, 2007. "A simple model of outsourcing with Cournot competition," Kiel Working Papers 1320, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Nuno Crespo & Maria Paula Fontoura & Frank Barry, 2004. "EU Enlargement and the Portuguese Economy," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(6), pages 781-802, June.
    4. Demekas, Dimitri G. & Horvath, Balazs & Ribakova, Elina & Wu, Yi, 2007. "Foreign direct investment in European transition economies--The role of policies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 369-386, June.
    5. Fritz Breuss, 2002. "Benefits and Dangers of EU Enlargement," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 245-274, September.
    6. Sandrine Levasseur, 2002. "Investissements directs à l'étranger et stratégies des entreprises multinationales," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 103-152.
    7. Huiqun Liu & Jinyong Lu, 2011. "The home-employment effect of FDI from developing countries: in the case of China," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(3), pages 173-182, October.
    8. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James R. Markusen, 2007. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 776-795, June.
    9. Frank Barry & Aoife Hannan & Ciara Whelan, 2002. "Product characteristics and the growth of FDI," Working Papers 200217, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    10. Enrico Marelli & Laura Resmini & Marcello Signorelli, 2014. "The Effects Of Inward Fdi On Regional Employment In Europe," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 8(1), pages 1-23, JUNE.
    11. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3381 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Lars Calmfors & Giancarlo Corsetti & John Kay & Seppo Honkapohja & Willi Leibfritz & Gilles Saint-Paul & Hans-Werner Sinn & Xavier Vives, 2005. "Chapter 2: Outsourcing," EEAG Report on the European Economy, CESifo, vol. 0, pages 39-50, March.
    13. Sandrine Levasseur, 2006. "Convergence and FDI in an enlarged EU: what can we learn from the experience of cohesion countries for the CEECS?," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2006-12, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    14. Henrik Braconier & Pehr-Johan Norback & Dieter Urban, 2002. "Vertical FDI Reviseted," Development Working Papers 167, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano.
    15. Frank Barry, 2004. "Prospects for Ireland in an Enlarged EU," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(6), pages 829-852, June.
    16. Özlem Onaran, 2007. "The effects of globalization on income distribution," Working Paper Reihe der AK Wien - Materialien zu Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 100, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik.
    17. Jungnickel, Rolf & Keller, Dietmar & Peters, Heiko & Borrmann, Christine, 2008. "International mobility of jobs--Diversion from Western to Eastern locations?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 260-271, September.
    18. Frank Barry & John Bradley & Michal Kejak & David Vavra, 2003. "The Czech economic transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 11(3), pages 539-567, September.
    19. Carlos Vieira & Aurora Galego & Isabel Vieira, 2005. "Is FDI Taking the Orient Express?," Economics Working Papers 16_2005, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
    20. André Cartapanis & Audrey Koulinsky & Nadine Richez-Battesti, 2006. "L'hétérogénéité sociale de l'Union européenne après l'élargissement et la question des délocalisations," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 793-822.
    21. Zhao, Wei & Liu, Ling & Zhao, Ting, 2010. "The contribution of outward direct investment to productivity changes within China, 1991-2007," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 121-130, June.
    22. Frank Barry, 2004. "Enlargement and the EU Periphery: Introduction," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(6), pages 753-759, June.
    23. Barry, Frank, 2002. "FDI, Infrastructure and the Welfare Effects of Labour Migration," CEPR Discussion Papers 3380, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    24. Barry, Frank & Walsh, Frank, 2008. "Gains and losses from sectoral relocation: A review of theory and empirics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 4-16, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central and eastern europe; foreign direct investment; multinational enterprises;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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