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Can Capital Controls Alter the Inflation-Unemployment Trade-off?

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  • Razin, Assaf
  • Yuen, Chi-Wa

Abstract

It is well known that in the Mundell-Fleming model capital mobility creates a channel through which permanent (transitory) shocks to aggregate demand such as fiscal and trade shocks are completely (partially) neutralized by the response of the real exchange rate. An important policy implication of the model which has gone largely unnoticed is how the transmission of these shocks under different degrees of capital mobility may alter the inflation-unemployment trade-off, i.e. the Phillips Curve. In the context of the stochastic Mundell-Fleming model we show that capital controls reduce the output/employment variations at the expense of larger variations in inflation rates. When policy-makers put more weight on stable employment rather than stable inflation, their objectives can thus be attained more easily under capital controls.

Suggested Citation

  • Razin, Assaf & Yuen, Chi-Wa, 1995. "Can Capital Controls Alter the Inflation-Unemployment Trade-off?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1252, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1252
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Campbell, John Y. & Clarida, Richard H., 1987. "The term structure of euromarket interest rates : An empirical investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 25-44, January.
    2. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1991. "Efficient investment incentives in the presence of capital flight," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1-2), pages 171-181, August.
    3. Shiller, Robert J. & Huston McCulloch, J., 1990. "The term structure of interest rates," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: B. M. Friedman & F. H. Hahn (ed.),Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 13, pages 627-722, Elsevier.
    4. Frenkel, Jacob A & Razin, Assaf, 1986. "Fiscal Policies in the World Economy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 564-594, June.
    5. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-1176, December.
    6. Meese, Richard A & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1988. " Was It Real? The Exchange Rate-Interest Differential Relation over the Modern Floating-Rate Period," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(4), pages 933-948, September.
    7. Robert P. Flood & Nancy Peregrim Marion, 1982. "The Transmission of Disturbances under Alternative Exchange-Rate Regimes with Optimal Indexing," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(1), pages 43-66.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexei G. Orlov, 2005. "Pros and Cons of Capital Controls in the Presence of Incomplete Markets," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 49(1), pages 79-93, March.
    2. Abhijit Sen Gupta, 2008. "Does capital account openness lower inflation?," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 471-487.
    3. Ila Patnaik & Abhijit Sen Gupta & Ajay Shah, 2012. "Determinants of Trade Misinvoicing," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(5), pages 891-910, November.
    4. Abhijit Sen Gupta, 2007. "Does Capital Account Openness Lower Inflation?," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 191, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Controls; Demand Shock; Inflation-Unemployment Trade-off; Money Shock; Stochastic Mundell-Fleming Model; Supply Shock;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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