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Redes inteligentes y mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda: el caso del sector eléctrico colombiano

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Listed:
  • John J. García-Rendón
  • Alejandro Gutiérrez Gómez
  • Luisa Vargas Tobón
  • Hermilson Velásquez Ceballos

Abstract

Las redes inteligentes tienen hoy un papel preponderante en el debate internacional acerca del diseno y la regulación de los mercados eléctricos. Este artículo analiza los potenciales efectos de la implementación de un mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda en Colombia, con características similares al utilizado en el mercado de PJM. Usando series de tiempo y controlando por la alta volatilidad que se presenta en el precio de corto plazo (precio de bolsa), estimamos que tal mecanismo habría logrado significantes ahorros a los consumidores. Por ejemplo, si el mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda hubiera sido implementado durante 2015, el precio de bolsa en horas pico podría haber sido un 30 % menor y los consumidores habrían ahorrado aproximadamente COP 99 000 millones.

Suggested Citation

  • John J. García-Rendón & Alejandro Gutiérrez Gómez & Luisa Vargas Tobón & Hermilson Velásquez Ceballos, 2019. "Redes inteligentes y mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda: el caso del sector eléctrico colombiano," Revista de Economía del Caribe 18088, Universidad del Norte.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000382:018088
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Respuesta de la demanda; Arimax-ARCH; beneficios económicos; Colombia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods

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