IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Redes inteligentes y mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda: el caso del sector eléctrico colombiano


  • John J. García-Rendón
  • Alejandro Gutiérrez Gómez
  • Luisa Vargas Tobón
  • Hermilson Velásquez Ceballos


Las redes inteligentes tienen hoy un papel preponderante en el debate internacional acerca del diseno y la regulación de los mercados eléctricos. Este artículo analiza los potenciales efectos de la implementación de un mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda en Colombia, con características similares al utilizado en el mercado de PJM. Usando series de tiempo y controlando por la alta volatilidad que se presenta en el precio de corto plazo (precio de bolsa), estimamos que tal mecanismo habría logrado significantes ahorros a los consumidores. Por ejemplo, si el mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda hubiera sido implementado durante 2015, el precio de bolsa en horas pico podría haber sido un 30 % menor y los consumidores habrían ahorrado aproximadamente COP 99 000 millones.

Suggested Citation

  • John J. García-Rendón & Alejandro Gutiérrez Gómez & Luisa Vargas Tobón & Hermilson Velásquez Ceballos, 2019. "Redes inteligentes y mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda: el caso del sector eléctrico colombiano," Revista de Economía del Caribe 18088, Universidad del Norte.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000382:018088

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter Cramton, 2017. "Electricity market design," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press and Oxford Review of Economic Policy Limited, vol. 33(4), pages 589-612.
    2. Cappers, Peter & Goldman, Charles & Kathan, David, 2010. "Demand response in U.S. electricity markets: Empirical evidence," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 1526-1535.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. John J. Garcia-Rendon & Alejandro Gutiérrez Gómez & Luisa Vargas Tobón & Hermilson Velasquez Ceballos, 2018. "Redes inteligentes y mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda: el caso del sector eléctrico colombiano Smart grids and demand response mechanism: the case of the Colombian electricity market?," Documentos de Trabajo de Valor Público 16975, Universidad EAFIT.
    2. Schreiner, Lena & Madlener, Reinhard, 2022. "Investing in power grid infrastructure as a flexibility option: A DSGE assessment for Germany," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    3. Partovi, Farzad & Nikzad, Mehdi & Mozafari, Babak & Ranjbar, Ali Mohamad, 2011. "A stochastic security approach to energy and spinning reserve scheduling considering demand response program," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 3130-3137.
    4. Kominers, Scott Duke & Teytelboym, Alexander & Crawford, Vincent P, 2017. "An invitation to market design," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt3xp2110t, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    5. Keppler, Jan Horst & Quemin, Simon & Saguan, Marcelo, 2022. "Why the sustainable provision of low-carbon electricity needs hybrid markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 171(C).
    6. Dong, Jun & Xue, Guiyuan & Li, Rong, 2016. "Demand response in China: Regulations, pilot projects and recommendations – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 13-27.
    7. Meyabadi, A. Fattahi & Deihimi, M.H., 2017. "A review of demand-side management: Reconsidering theoretical framework," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 367-379.
    8. Zheng, Yingying & Jenkins, Bryan M. & Kornbluth, Kurt & Kendall, Alissa & Træholt, Chresten, 2018. "Optimization of a biomass-integrated renewable energy microgrid with demand side management under uncertainty," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 230(C), pages 836-844.
    9. Liu, Yingqi, 2017. "Demand response and energy efficiency in the capacity resource procurement: Case studies of forward capacity markets in ISO New England, PJM and Great Britain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 271-282.
    10. Kim, Eun-Hwan & Park, Yong-Gi & Roh, Jae Hyung, 2019. "Competitiveness of open-cycle gas turbine and its potential in the future Korean electricity market with high renewable energy mix," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 1056-1069.
    11. Y, Kiguchi & Y, Heo & M, Weeks & R, Choudhary, 2019. "Predicting intra-day load profiles under time-of-use tariffs using smart meter data," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 959-970.
    12. Peter Cramton, 2022. "Fostering Resiliency with Good Market Design: Lessons from Texas," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 145, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    13. Martin Bichler & Johannes Knörr & Felipe Maldonado, 2023. "Pricing in Nonconvex Markets: How to Price Electricity in the Presence of Demand Response," Information Systems Research, INFORMS, vol. 34(2), pages 652-675, June.
    14. Peter Cramton & Emmanuele Bobbio & David Malec & Pat Sujarittanonta, 2022. "Electricity Markets in Transition: A Multi-Decade Micro-Model of Entry and Exit in Advanced Wholesale Markets," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 183, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    15. Mier, Mathias, 2021. "Efficient pricing of electricity revisited," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    16. Boldrini, A. & Jiménez Navarro, J.P. & Crijns-Graus, W.H.J. & van den Broek, M.A., 2022. "The role of district heating systems to provide balancing services in the European Union," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).
    17. Shen, Bo & Ghatikar, Girish & Lei, Zeng & Li, Jinkai & Wikler, Greg & Martin, Phil, 2014. "The role of regulatory reforms, market changes, and technology development to make demand response a viable resource in meeting energy challenges," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 814-823.
    18. Deakin, Matthew & Bloomfield, Hannah & Greenwood, David & Sheehy, Sarah & Walker, Sara & Taylor, Phil C., 2021. "Impacts of heat decarbonization on system adequacy considering increased meteorological sensitivity," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 298(C).
    19. Fuat Oğuz, 2020. "Hayekian complexity and the role of regulation in electricity markets," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 406-418, October.
    20. Richstein, Jörn C. & Lorenz, Casimir & Neuhoff, Karsten, 2020. "An auction story: How simple bids struggle with uncertainty," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C).

    More about this item


    Respuesta de la demanda; Arimax-ARCH; beneficios económicos; Colombia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000382:018088. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Departamento de Economía UN (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.