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¿Qué tanto han cambiado las decisiones de los jóvenes en Colombia en las tres últimas décadas?

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  • Javier Báez R.

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Abstract

The decisions taken by young Colombians in their early years as potentiallyindependent individuals (25 to 35 years of age) have changedduring the last decades. A good part of these decisions have to do withattending college or not. The results show that young people today preferconjugal relations such as free unions and are more prone to separationsand divorce, especially those that are not college-educated. At present,young people tend to form smaller families and have their children atlater ages, especially the college-educated. The gap in the labor incomesof young women with and without college training has been increasingsince 1985.Las decisiones de los jóvenes colombianos en su primera etapa como individuospotencialmente independientes (entre los 25 y 35 años de edad)han cambiado en las tres últimas décadas. Buena parte de esas decisionesestán asociadas a la condición de ser o no profesionales. Los resultadosmuestran que los jóvenes hoy prefieren relaciones conyugales como launión libre y son mucho más propensos a las separaciones y al divorcio,especialmente los no profesionales. Los jóvenes actualmente tienden aconformar hogares más pequeños y tienen sus hijos a edades más adultas,sobre todo los profesionales. La brecha en los ingresos laborales entre lasmujeres profesionales jóvenes y las no profesionales ha estado aumentandodesde 1985.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Báez R., 2008. "¿Qué tanto han cambiado las decisiones de los jóvenes en Colombia en las tres últimas décadas?," Revista de Economía del Caribe 007103, Universidad del Norte.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000382:007103
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    File URL: http://rcientificas.uninorte.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/viewFile/547/289
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kermit Daniel & Dan Black & Jeffery Smith, 1996. "College Characteristics and the Wages of Young Women," HEW 9604002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Jonathan A. Parker, 2002. "Consumption Over the Life Cycle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 47-89, January.
    3. Tullio Jappelli, 1999. "The Age‐Wealth Profile And The Life‐Cycle Hypothesis: A Cohort Analysis With A Time Series Of Cross‐Sections Of Italian Households," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 45(1), pages 57-75, March.
    4. Robert Kaestner, 1997. "Are Brothers Really Better? Sibling Sex Composition and Educational Achievement Revisited," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(2), pages 250-284.
    5. John Bound & Jeffrey Groen & Gabor Kezdi & Sarah Turner, 2001. "Trade in University Training: Cross-State Variation in the Production and Use of College-Educated Labor," NBER Working Papers 8555, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Household incomes; rate of return of education; incomesby gender; education and incomesIngresos de los hogares; tasas de retorno a la educación; ingresos por género; educación e ingresos;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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