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Instituciones informales y actividad emprendedora: Una aproximación metodológica desde D. North

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  • Mauricio Andrés Ramírez Gómez

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Abstract

Resumen:En este trabajo se propone avanzar en la reflexión teórica y metodológica en torno a los componentes socioculturales que impactan los procesos de emprendimiento empresarial. El propósito de este trabajo es invitar a reflexionar sobre la pertinencia metodológica de asumir el enfoque teórico de las instituciones informales ,desde la perspectiva de D. North,como recurso teórico que permite profundizar en el estudio de la actividad emprendedora. Adicionalmente, se argumenta la validez de usar el enfoque de la etnografía particularista, como herramienta que hace posible comprender el fenómeno del emprendimiento desde la perspectiva de sus actores.La pregunta sería: ¿Hasta dónde las instituciones informales como la familia, los amigos y los contactos personales, repercuten en la actividad emprendedora? Se concluye como los valores culturales son la mediación entre los individuos y su entorno social, en el que las creencias, comportamientos y motivos se constituyen enaspectos claves para la comprensión de la actividad emprendedora.A partir de lo anterior se desprende una línea futura de investigación en el que las redes sociales, asumidas como la expresión de las instituciones informales, cumplen un papel delimitador de las acciones emprendedoras.Abstract:This paper is intended to advance the theoretical and methodological discussion regarding some cultural components that influence diverse entrepreneurship processes. The purpose of this work is to reflect upon the methodological pertinence of assuming the theoretical approach of informal institutions as a tool to delve into the study of entrepreneurial activity. We sustain the validity of using the particularistic ethnographic approach as a tool that allows understanding the entrepreneurial phenomenon from the perspective of its actors.By taking on the guiding question of: How far do informal institutions such as family, friends and personal contacts, have an impact on entrepreneurial activity? We conclude that cultural values are the mediation between individuals and their social environment in which the beliefs, behaviors and personal motivation constitute the essential aspects to understand entrepreneurial activity.The previous statements foreshadow potential research questions, where social networks taken as an expression of informal institutions, may anchor entrepreneurial action.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Andrés Ramírez Gómez, 2009. "Instituciones informales y actividad emprendedora: Una aproximación metodológica desde D. North," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 010652, Universidad EAFIT.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000122:010652
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Elfring, Tom & Hulsink, Willem, 2003. "Networks in Entrepreneurship: The Case of High-Technology Firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 409-422, December.
    2. Elster, Jon, 1989. "Social Norms and Economic Theory," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(4), pages 99-117, Fall.
    3. Sarah Drakopoulou Dodd & Eleni Patra, 2002. "National differences in entrepreneurial networking," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 117-134, July.
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    5. Avner Ben-Ner & Louis Putterman, 1999. "Valores e instituciones en el análisis económico," CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, CIRIEC-España, issue 33, pages 43-77, December.
    6. Arthur T. Denzau & Douglass C. North, 1994. "Shared Mental Models: Ideologies and Institutions," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 3-31, February.
    7. Thomas M Begley & Wee-Liang Tan, 2001. "The Socio-Cultural Environment for Entrepreneurship: A Comparison Between East Asian and Anglo-Saxon Countries," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 32(3), pages 537-553, September.
    8. Anisya S Thomas & Stephen L Mueller, 2000. "A Case for Comparative Entrepreneurship: Assessing the Relevance of Culture," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 31(2), pages 287-301, June.
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    Keywords

    Emprendimiento; institucionalismo; etnografía ; D. North; Entrepreneurship; institutionalism; ethnography;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary; Modern Monetary Theory;
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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