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Sistemas pensionales y solidarios de Chile, Irlanda,Polonia, Brasil y Perú

Author

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  • María Claudia LLANES VALENZUELA

    ()

  • Gabriel Armando PIRAQUIVE G.

    ()

Abstract

Existen una serie de diferencias en la forma en que se incorporan los distintossegmentos de la población al mercado laboral. En ese sentido, algunos grupos deocupados por sus características presentan historias laborales incompletas y por lotanto no obtienen pensiones adecuadas, una vez en la vejez. Incluso algunostrabajadores formales no logran obtener pensiones adecuadas. De igual forma, laspersonas pobres que por sus bajos ingresos no tienen la capacidad de ahorro quedanexcluidas del sistema contributivo. Por lo anterior, y con el objeto de ampliar lacobertura y de reducir la pobreza se crean los sistemas solidarios. Efectivamente,según la (OIT (2002) y la CEPAL 2006) existe consenso en la necesidad de ampliar lacobertura a quienes carecen de ella y en utilizar como políticas públicas orientadas ental sentido la implementación de regímenes de pensiones mínimas (ComisiónEuropea, 2006) y de pensiones no contributivas y asistenciales.Un sistema pensional puede, reproducir e incluso ampliar los efectos redistributivosregresivos que pueda tener el mercado laboral. Por su parte, los sistemas solidariospretenden revertir estos efectos.

Suggested Citation

  • María Claudia LLANES VALENZUELA & Gabriel Armando PIRAQUIVE G., 2012. "Sistemas pensionales y solidarios de Chile, Irlanda,Polonia, Brasil y Perú," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 009596, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000118:009596
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert Holzmann & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2001. "New Ideas about Old Age Security : Toward Sustainable Pension Systems in the 21st Century," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13857, April.
    2. Emilio Espino & Martín González Rozada, 2012. "Automatic Stabilization and Fiscal Policy: Some Quantitative Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4130, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Paula Auerbach & María Eugenia Genoni & Carmen Pagés, 2005. "Social Security Coverage and the Labor Market in Developing Countries," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1111, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. Calvo, Esteban & Williamson, John B., 2006. "Old-Age Pension Reform and Modernization Pathways: Lessons for China from Latin America," MPRA Paper 4872, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Jubilación; Política de jubilaciones;

    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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