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La economía del bajo San Jorge

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  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba

    ()

Abstract

Luego de albergar una de las sociedades prehispánicas más prósperas de lo que actualmente es Colombia, el bajo San Jorge se convirtió en una de las subregiones colombianas con mayor incidencia de la pobreza. Como factor explicativo de este hecho se propone la alta concentración de la propiedad sobre la tierra. Esto ha llevado a un uso inadecuado del suelo, caracterizado por el predominio de actividades ganaderas a pesar de que la zona tiene un alto potencial agrícola. De esta manera, se configuró una sociedad que abandonó el legado Zenú, basado en un modelo de producción agrícola y el control hidráulico.******ABSTRACT: The lower San Jorge basin was once the settlement of one of the most prosperous pre-Hispanic civilizations that inhabited what now a days is Colombia. However, at present, this area stands amongst Colombia's poorest. This study states that the high levels of concentration in land ownership account for the reversal of fortune suffered by this region, since stockbreeding activities predominate despite the fact that the area has a significantly high agricultural potential. This favored the development of a society that abandoned the Zenu legacy, based on an agricultural production model and hydraulic control.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba, 2013. "La economía del bajo San Jorge," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 011536, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011536
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.189
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.189
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294.
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    Keywords

    Río San Jorge; cultura Zenú; uso del suelo; concentración de la propiedad sobre la tierra.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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