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Dinámica de crecimiento económico y demográfico regional en Colombia, 1985-2011


  • Luis Armando Galvis



Economic and demographic growth in Colombia has been dominated by the largest cities. This has resulted in the common believe that Colombia is mainly an urban country. The aim of this paper is to show how economic and demographic growth has evolved, especially, the population density, since the mid-eighties. Using Markov transition chains and their spatial counterpart, we show that since the mid-eighties municipalities have experienced a highly persistent pattern in which the main cities have maintained their position as the most densely populated. In contrast, municipalities that exhibited low levels of population density have remained relatively sparse. RESUMEN: El crecimiento económico y demográfico regional en Colombia ha estado dominado por las grandes urbes a tal punto que actualmente, en términos demográficos, Colombia es un país netamente urbano. El objetivo del presente documento es mostrar cómo ha evolucionado la dinámica de crecimiento económico y, especialmente, la dinámica poblacional en Colombia desde mediados de los ochentas. Empleando matrices de transición de Markov tradicionales, así como su versión espacial, se muestra que los municipios han presentado índices de persistencia en su comportamiento demográfico. Las principales ciudades han mantenido su jerarquía en tanto que siguen siendo las más densamente pobladas desde mediados de los ochenta. Asimismo, los municipios que exhibían bajos niveles de densidad se han mantenido relativamente estancados en términos demográficos.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis, 2013. "Dinámica de crecimiento económico y demográfico regional en Colombia, 1985-2011," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 010791, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010791

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    1. repec:bdr:bdrcap:2002-12-198-233 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Aguilera-Díaz, María Modesta, 2002. "Los cultivos de camarón en la Costa Caribe colombiana," Chapters, in: Meisel-Roca, Adolfo (ed.), Experiencias exportadoras del Caribe colombiano, chapter 5, pages 198-233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    Cadenas de Markov espaciales; densidad; persistencia; geografía económica; Markov chains; economic geography.;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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