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Venezuela como destino de las exportaciones colombianas: Evolución reciente y efecto sobre el panorama exportador y las firmas colombianas

Author

Listed:
  • Enrique Montes U.
  • Aarón Garavito
  • María del Pilar Esguerra

Abstract

En este documento se analiza la reciente disminución de las exportaciones a Venezuela y su impacto en el panorama exportador y las firmas colombianas. Al mismo tiempo se plantean algunas reflexiones sobre la sustitución del mercado venezolano. Para esto se utilizó la base de comercio exterior del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE), y los estados financieros de la Superintendencia de Sociedades. Los resultados del estudio muestran que la caída de las ventas a Venezuela no fue un fenómeno que afectó exclusivamente a Colombia, otros países también han visto reducido el monto de sus exportaciones debido a los problemas económicos del vecino país. Las menores ventas al mercado venezolano afectaron la evolución, la estructura y el destino de nuestros despachos al exterior. Por su parte, la sustitución de este mercado no es una tarea fácilmente alcanzable en el corto plazo, pero ya se comenzó a observar en el primer semestre de 2010. A nivel de las firmas, se encontró una alta concentración en el valor despachado en pocos exportadores y un número elevado de empresas que exportan montos muy bajos. Adicionalmente, Venezuela es un mercado de aprendizaje, en el que algunas empresas logran establecerse y otras participan esporádicamente. Finalmente, para la muestra de empresas analizadas, el mercado venezolano es uno de los principales destinos de sus exportaciones, pero no es la principal fuente de sus ingresos operacionales, lo es fundamentalmente el mercado interno.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Montes U. & Aarón Garavito & María del Pilar Esguerra, 2010. "Venezuela como destino de las exportaciones colombianas: Evolución reciente y efecto sobre el panorama exportador y las firmas colombianas," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007484, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007484
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. María del Pilar Esguerra Umaña & Enrique Montes Uribe & Aaron Garavito Acosta & Carolina Pulido Gónzalez, 2010. "El comercio Colombo-Venezolano: características y evolución reciente," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006987, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Jonathan Eaton, Marcela Eslava, Maurice Kugler,James Tybout, 1970. "Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence," Working Papers eg0036, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 1970.
    3. Enrique Montes U. & Aaron Garavito A & Carolina Pulido G. & Mónica Hernández F. & Gustavo Caballero, 2008. "El mercado venezolano en las exportaciones colombianas: dependencia de los exportadores en 2006," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 38(1), pages 77-107, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. David C. López-Valenzuela & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Héctor M. Zárate-Solano & Alvaro Carmona-Duarte, 2019. "Determinantes y evolución entre precios y cantidades de las exportaciones industriales de Colombia: un estudio a partir de un modelo de Panel-VAR," Borradores de Economia 1075, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Diego Hernán Rodríguez, 2014. "Transmisión del efecto cambiario a la economía de la frontera Colombo–Venezolana," Ensayos sobre Economía Regional (ESER) 59, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Viviana Alejandra Alfonso Corredor, 2018. "El uso de forwards peso dólar en las empresas colombianas del sector real," Borradores de Economia 1058, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. David Camilo López & Enrique López Enciso & Enrique Montes, 2015. "Colombia en el comercio mundial (1992-2012): desempeño de las exportaciones colombianas," Borradores de Economia 885, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exportaciones; Venezuela; firmas; Comercio Exterior; Acuerdos Comerciales.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights

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