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Efecto de la política fiscal sobre la transmisión de la política monetaria a través de la desigualdad en el ingreso


  • David Augusto Montoya Ruiz


Este documento analiza el impacto que tiene la política fiscal, a través de la fijación de impuestos, en la distribución del ingreso y cómo esta última afecta la transmisión de la política monetaria. Para entender este mecanismo, se propone un modelo neokeynesiano analítico de dos agentes en una economía con dos activos, restricciones de acceso a los mercados financieros e incertidumbre idiosincrática en donde el gobierno fija impuestos a los dividendos y al ingreso laboral. Se encuentra que el tipo de impuesto elegido por el gobierno afecta de forma diferenciada el comportamiento cíclico de la desigualdad en el ingreso. Cuando la desigualdad es procíclica con relación al ingreso agregado de la economía, se generan efectos de atenuación en la demanda agregada. Si es contracíclica, ello provoca efectos de amplificación. Esto obliga al banco central a ajustar su objetivo operativo de tasa de interés en una magnitud menor o mayor, respectivamente, con relación al Principio de Taylor para lograr la determinación del equilibrio. Se concluye que la política fiscal condiciona la política monetaria a través del tipo de esquema redistributivo adoptado.

Suggested Citation

  • David Augusto Montoya Ruiz, 2021. "Efecto de la política fiscal sobre la transmisión de la política monetaria a través de la desigualdad en el ingreso," Documentos CEDE 19560, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:019560

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael Woodford, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy Inertia," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 67(s1), pages 1-35.
    2. Taylor, John B. & Williams, John C., 2010. "Simple and Robust Rules for Monetary Policy," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 15, pages 829-859, Elsevier.
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    More about this item


    desigualdad; política fiscal; política monetaria; redistribución; regla de Taylor.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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