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Cobertura de Acueducto y Alcantarillado, Calidad del Agua y Mortalidad Infantil en Colombia, 2000-2012

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  • Fabio Sánchez Torres
  • Alexander Vega Carvajal

Abstract

Determinar la relación entre las tasas de cobertura de acueducto y alcantarillado y la calidad del agua con la mortalidad infantil es clave para el diseño de políticas públicas que buscan mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población. El presente estudio encuentra que –para el caso de Colombia- aumentos de las coberturas mencionadas se traducen en disminuciones significativas en los menores de un año y cinco años. Este estudio cuantifica también el impacto de la calidad del agua sobre las tasas de mortalidad infantil medida aquella a través del à ndice de Riesgo de la Calidad del Agua (IRCA) –información que se recolecta Colombia desde 2006. Los resultados de las estimaciones econométricas sugieren que los efectos en la disminución de la mortalidad infantil de una mayor calidad del agua sobre la mortalidad infantil son bastante mayores que los de la cobertura.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Sánchez Torres & Alexander Vega Carvajal, 2014. "Cobertura de Acueducto y Alcantarillado, Calidad del Agua y Mortalidad Infantil en Colombia, 2000-2012," Documentos CEDE 012228, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:012228
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2014-40.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cobertura agua y alcantarillado; calidad del agua; mortalidad infantil; Colombia; gobiernos departamentales y municipales; variables instrumentales; dato panel;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private

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