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L'économie des organisations : Mythes et réalités

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  • Marcel Boyer

Abstract

The analysis of organizational change and particularly of its impacts on incentives is neither simple nor easy. We consider here four contexts (choosing a level of decentralization, choosing the level of responsibility for pollution damage, choosing a level of technological or organisational flexibility, chhosing an optimal level of inertia) to better understand the dangers of neglecting those impacts and illustrate the sometimes surprising results we may obtain from a rigorous and formal analysis of organizational contexts or situations broadly understood. L'analyse des impacts de changements organisationnels sur les incitations n'est ni simple ni facile. Nous considérons dans cet article l'analyse de ces impacts dans quatre contextes particuliers (le choix d'un niveau de décentralisation, le choix des règles de responsabilité dans le cadre du principe de pollueur-payeur, le choix d'un niveau de flexibilité technologique et organisationnelle, le choix d'un niveau optimal d'inertie dans une organisation) afin de mieux comprendre les dangers de négliger ces impacts et les résultats parfois surprenants que l'on peut obtenir suite à une analyse rigoureuse et formelle de situations et contextes organisationnels entendus au sens large.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Boyer, 1997. "L'économie des organisations : Mythes et réalités," CIRANO Working Papers 97s-02, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:97s-02
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/97s-02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. BOYER, Marcel, 1995. "Environmental Protection Producer Insolvency and Lender Liability," Cahiers de recherche 9557, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    2. Marcel Boyer & Jacques Robert, 1996. "Ex Ante Incentives and Ex Post Flexibility," CIRANO Working Papers 96s-14, CIRANO.
    3. Aghion, Philippe & Tirole, Jean, 1997. "Formal and Real Authority in Organizations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(1), pages 1-29, February.
    4. Fine, Charles H. & Pappu, Suguna., 1990. "Flexible manufacturing technology and product-market competition," Working papers 3135-90., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    5. T. Randolph Beard, 1990. "Bankruptcy and Care Choice," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(4), pages 626-634, Winter.
    6. Kulatilaka, Nalin & Marks, Stephen Gary, 1988. "The Strategic Value of Flexibility: Reducing the Ability to Compromise," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 574-580, June.
    7. Vives Xavier, 1993. "Information, Flexibility, and Competition," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 219-237, September.
    8. Marcel Boyer & Michel Moreaux, 1989. "Uncertainty, Capacity and Flexibility: the Monopoly Case," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 15-16, pages 291-313.
    9. Roller, Lars-Hendrik & Tombak, Mihkel M, 1990. "Strategic Choice of Flexible Production Technologies and Welfare Implications," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 417-431, June.
    10. Marcel Boyer & Michel Moreaux, 1997. "Capacity Commitment versus Flexibility," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(1), pages 347-376, June.
    11. Boyer, Marcel & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1997. "Environmental risks and bank liability," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(8), pages 1427-1459, August.
    12. Lars-Hendrik Röller & Mihkel M. Tombak, 1993. "Competition and Investment in Flexible Technologies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(1), pages 107-114, January.
    13. Marcel Boyer, 1997. "Competition and Access in Telecoms: ECPR, Global Price Cap, and Auctions," CIRANO Working Papers 97s-03, CIRANO.
    14. Marcel Boyer, 1991. "Leadership, Flexibility, and Growth," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(4), pages 751-773, November.
    15. Donald Gerwin, 1993. "Manufacturing Flexibility: A Strategic Perspective," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(4), pages 395-410, April.
    16. George Stigler, 1939. "Production and Distribution in the Short Run," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47, pages 305-305.
    17. Marcel Boyer & Tracy R. Lewis & Wei Lin Liu, 2000. "Setting standards for credible compliance and law enforcement," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 319-340, May.
    18. Robert A. Jones & Joseph M. Ostroy, 1984. "Flexibility and Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(1), pages 13-32.
    19. Vives, Xavier, 1989. "Technological competition, uncertainty, and oligopoly," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 386-415, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Organizations; Incentives; Pollution; Flexibility; Inertia; Organisations; incitations; pollution; flexibilité; inertie;

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure

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