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An Empirical Analysis of U.S. Aggregate Portfolio Allocations

  • Michel Normandin
  • Pascal St-Amour

This paper analyzes the important time variation in U.S. aggregate portfolio allocations. To do so, we first use flexible descriptions of preferences and investment opportunities to derive optimal decision rules that nest tactical, myopic, and strategic portfolio allocations. We then compare these rules to the data through formal statistical analysis. Our main results reveal that i) purely tactical and myopic investment behaviors are unambiguously rejected, ii) strategic portfolio allocations are strongly supported, and iii) the Fama-French factors best explain empirical portfolio shares. Ce papier analyse la forte variation chronologique dans les portefeuilles agrégés américains. À cet effet, nous utilisons des descriptions flexibles des préférences et des opportunités d'investissement afin de dériver les allocations tactiques, myopes et stratégiques. Ces règles sont ensuite comparées aux données dans le cadre d'une analyse statistique formelle. Nos principaux résultats révèlent que i) les règles purement myopes ou tactiques sont rejetées, ii) les portefeuilles stratégiques sont supportés et iii) les facteurs Fama-French sont ceux qui reproduisent le mieux les allocations empiriques.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2005s-07.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2005s-07
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  1. Campbell, John Y. & Koo, Hyeng Keun, 1997. "A comparison of numerical and analytic approximate solutions to an intertemporal consumption choice problem," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 273-295.
  2. Campbell, John Y. & Chan, Yeung Lewis & Viceira, Luis M., 2003. "A multivariate model of strategic asset allocation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 41-80, January.
  3. Wayne E. Ferson & Campbell R. Harvey, 1999. "Conditioning Variables and the Cross Section of Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(4), pages 1325-1360, 08.
  4. Chen, Nai-Fu & Roll, Richard & Ross, Stephen A, 1986. "Economic Forces and the Stock Market," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(3), pages 383-403, July.
  5. Epstein, Larry G & Zin, Stanley E, 1989. "Substitution, Risk Aversion, and the Temporal Behavior of Consumption and Asset Returns: A Theoretical Framework," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(4), pages 937-69, July.
  6. Michel Normandin & Pascal St-Amour, 2001. "Canadian Consumption and Portfolio Shares," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 134, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
  7. Alberto Giovannini & Philippe Weil, 1989. "Risk Aversion and Intertemporal Substitution in the Capital Asset Pricing Model," NBER Working Papers 2824, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. John Y. Campbell & Luis M. Viceira, 1996. "Consumption and Portfolio Decisions When Expected Returns are Time Varying," NBER Working Papers 5857, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. R. Mehra & E. Prescott, 2010. "The equity premium: a puzzle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1401, David K. Levine.
  10. Weil, Philippe, 1990. "Nonexpected Utility in Macroeconomics," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(1), pages 29-42, February.
  11. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 1993. "Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 3-56, February.
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