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Exact skewness-kurtosis tests for multivariate normality and goodness-of-fit in multivariate regressions with application to asset pricing models

Author

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  • Jean-Marie Dufour
  • Lynda Khalaf
  • Marie-Claude Beaulieu

Abstract

Dans cet article, nous proposons des tests sur la forme de la distribution des erreurs dans un modèle de régression linéaire multivarié (RLM). Les tests que nous développons sont fonction des résidus obtenus par moindres carrés multivariés, lesquels sont standardisés de façon à ce que leur distribution soit invariante à la matrice de covariance, inconnue, des erreurs. Notre approche utilise des mesures empiriques d'asymétrie et d'aplatissement de la distribution des erreurs, que nous comparons à des estimations engendrées par simulation de ces caractéristiques sous cette même hypothèse distributionnelle. Les cas spécifiques que nous étudions comprennent des tests sur les erreurs du modèle dans le cadre des lois normale, t de Student, mélange de normales et stable. Dans le cas gaussien, nous obtenons des versions exactes de tests d'ajustement standards sur l'asymétrie et l'aplatissement des erreurs dans le cas multivarié. À cette fin, nous utilisons des tests de Monte Carlo simples, doubles et multiples. Dans les cas non-gaussiens, comme les familles de lois dépendent de paramètres de nuisance, nous proposons des régions de confiance pour ces derniers et la distribution des erreurs. Les procédures introduites dans cet article sont alors évalulées par une simulation de petite taille. Finalement, les tests proposés sont appliqués à un modèle d'évaluation d'actifs impliquant un taux d'intérêt sans risque observable et utilisant les rendements de portefeuilles mensuels de titres inscrits à la bourse de New York, sur des sous-périodes de cinq ans allant de janvier 1926 à décembre 1995.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marie-Claude Beaulieu, 2003. "Exact skewness-kurtosis tests for multivariate normality and goodness-of-fit in multivariate regressions with application to asset pricing models," CIRANO Working Papers 2003s-33, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2003s-33
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Beaulieu, Marie-Claude & Dufour, Jean-Marie & Khalaf, Lynda, 2009. "Finite sample multivariate tests of asset pricing models with coskewness," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 2008-2021, April.
    2. Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marie-Claude Beaulieu, 2003. "Exact Skewness-Kurtosis Tests for Multivariate Normality and Goodness-of-Fit in Multivariate Regressions with Application to Asset Pricing Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(s1), pages 891-906, December.
    3. Tanya Ara'ujo & Jo~ao Dias & Samuel Eleut'erio & Francisco Louc{c}~a, 2012. "How Fama Went Wrong: Measures of Multivariate Kurtosis for the Identification of the Dynamics of a N-Dimensional Market," Papers 1207.1202, arXiv.org.
    4. Galvao, Antonio F. & Montes-Rojas, Gabriel & Sosa-Escudero, Walter & Wang, Liang, 2013. "Tests for skewness and kurtosis in the one-way error component model," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 35-52.
    5. Bernard, Jean-Thomas & Idoudi, Nadhem & Khalaf, Lynda & Yelou, Clement, 2007. "Finite sample multivariate structural change tests with application to energy demand models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 1219-1244, December.
    6. Bontemps, Christian, 2013. "Moment-Based Tests for Discrete Distributions," IDEI Working Papers 772, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Oct 2014.
    7. Enrique Sentana, 2009. "The econometrics of mean-variance efficiency tests: a survey," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(3), pages C65-C101, November.
    8. Iqbal, Javed & Brooks, Robert & Galagedera, Don UA, 2007. "Robust Tests of the Lower Partial Moment Asset Pricing Model in Emerging Markets," MPRA Paper 25349, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2007.
    9. Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marcel Voia, 2013. "Finite-sample resampling-based combined hypothesis tests, with applications to serial correlation and predictability," CIRANO Working Papers 2013s-40, CIRANO.
    10. Beaulieu, Marie-Claude & Dufour, Jean-Marie & Khalaf, Lynda, 2014. "Exact confidence sets and goodness-of-fit methods for stable distributions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 181(1), pages 3-14.
    11. Oussama Chakroun & Georges Dionne & Amélie Dugas-Sampara, 2006. "Empirical Evaluation of Investor Rationality in the Asset Allocation Puzzle," Cahiers de recherche 0635, CIRPEE.
    12. Phillip A. Cartwright & Natalija Riabko, 2016. "Further evidence on the explanatory power of spot food and energy commodities market prices for futures prices," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 579-605, October.
    13. DUFOUR, Jean-Marie & KHALAF, Lynda & BEAULIEU, Marie-Claude, 2003. "Finite-Sample Diagnostics for Multivariate Regressions with Applications to Linear Asset Pricing Models," Cahiers de recherche 2003-08, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    14. Araújo, Tanya & Dias, João & Eleutério, Samuel & Louçã, Francisco, 2013. "A measure of multivariate kurtosis for the identification of the dynamics of a N-dimensional market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3708-3714.
    15. Ayub, Usman & Shah, Syed Zulfiqar Ali & Abbas, Qaisar, 2015. "Robust analysis for downside risk in portfolio management for a volatile stock market," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 86-96.
    16. Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marie-Claude Beaulieu, 2010. "Multivariate residual-based finite-sample tests for serial dependence and ARCH effects with applications to asset pricing models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(2), pages 263-285.
    17. Bai, Zhidong & Phoon, Kok Fai & Wang, Keyan & Wong, Wing-Keung, 2013. "The performance of commodity trading advisors: A mean-variance-ratio test approach," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 188-201.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ; modèle de régression multivarié; test d'ajustement; test de normalité; normalité multivariée; t de Student; mélange de lois normales; distribution stable; test de spécification; diagnostic; test exact; test de Monte Carlo; bootstrap; paramètre de nuisance; modèle d'évaluation d'actifs financiers; CAPM;

    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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