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Évolution séculaire du profil des salaires en fonction de l’âge : Québec, Canada et États-Unis

Author

Listed:
  • Benoit Dostie
  • Genevieve Dufour
  • Raquel Fonseca
  • Étienne Lalé

Abstract

Plusieurs études mettent en évidence un aplanissement du profil des salaires en fonction de l’âge aux États-Unis et au Canada chez les cohortes récentes. Autrement dit, ces dernières connaîtraient une moindre progression des salaires avec l’âge lorsqu’on les compare aux cohortes précédentes. Les implications de ce phénomène sont multiples, affectant par exemple les inégalités salariales mesurées dans les données transversales ainsi que celles de revenu de long terme entre générations. Dans cette étude, nous utilisons les données de l’Enquête sur la population active (EPA) au Canada et du Current Population Survey (CPS) aux États-Unis pour dresser un état des lieux et vérifier si le phénomène d’aplanissement du profil des salaires affecte les cohortes les plus récentes. Nous interprétons ensuite les résultats au prisme de la théorie du capital humain qui nous permet de relier le profil des salaires selon l’âge aux différences individuelles qui préexistent à l’entrée sur le marché du travail au sein des cohortes et entre les cohortes.

Suggested Citation

  • Benoit Dostie & Genevieve Dufour & Raquel Fonseca & Étienne Lalé, 2020. "Évolution séculaire du profil des salaires en fonction de l’âge : Québec, Canada et États-Unis," CIRANO Project Reports 2020rp-21, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2020rp-21
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    References listed on IDEAS

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