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Real Exchange Rate Misalignments and Economic Performance

  • Alvaro Aguirre
  • César Calderón

El presente trabajo se enmarca en un APT (Ross, 1976a) de la vertiente de Variables Macroeconómicas, que tiene la ventaja (en comparación con Análisis Factorial) de permitir la interpretación económica de los factores y los premios por riesgo factoriales. Similar a Burmeister y McElroy (1988), consideramos cuatro factores macroeconómicos medidos y un factor no observado; la presencia de factores no observados es una generalización del trabajo previo de Chen, Roll y Ross (1986). Partiendo del modelo de factores, la Teoría de Precios por Arbitraje (APT) impone restricciones, las que son comprobadas empíricamente en el período 1990-2003. Además, el Modelo de Valoración de Activos de Capital (CAPM) está anidado en el APT, lo que permite someter a prueba el modelo CAPM. Nuestros resultados son: (a) la restricción del APT no es rechazada por los datos, (b) las sorpresas en la tasa de crecimiento del Índice Mensual de Actividad Económica (IMACEC), en el precio del cobre y en el precio del petróleo aparecen como factores con premios por riesgo estadísticamente distintos a cero en los retornos accionarios chilenos; mientras que las sorpresa en inflación no aparecen preciadas en la muestra, y (c) el modelo CAPM es fuertemente rechazado por los datos, en favor del APT.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 316.

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Date of creation: Apr 2005
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:316
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  1. Huberman, Gur & Kandel, Shmuel, 1987. " Mean-Variance Spanning," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(4), pages 873-88, September.
  2. Robert A. Pari & Son-Nan Chen, 1984. "An Empirical Test Of The Arbitrage Pricing Theory," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 7(2), pages 121-130, 06.
  3. Roll, Richard & Ross, Stephen A, 1980. " An Empirical Investigation of the Arbitrage Pricing Theory," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(5), pages 1073-1103, December.
  4. Chen, Nai-Fu & Roll, Richard & Ross, Stephen A, 1986. "Economic Forces and the Stock Market," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(3), pages 383-403, July.
  5. Lehmann, Bruce N. & Modest, David M., 1988. "The empirical foundations of the arbitrage pricing theory," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 213-254, September.
  6. Chen, Nai-fu, 1983. " Some Empirical Tests of the Theory of Arbitrage Pricing," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 38(5), pages 1393-1414, December.
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