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Sources of Economic Growth and Total Factor Productivity in Chile

  • Rodrigo Fuentes
  • Mauricio Larraín
  • Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

The purpose of this paper is to provide a decomposition of economic growth in Chile, based on the contribution of capital, labor, and total factor productivity (TFP) and to study the determinants of TFP behavior in Chile since 1960 to date. Our results indicate that the contribution of TFP to growth differs significantly from one period to another. During 1961-1973 the contribution of capital dominates,labor takes over in 1974-1989, and TFP in 1990-2003. Evidence on TFP determinants suggests that,besides cyclical factors, TFP growth reflects the impact of macroeconomic stabilization and structural reforms. The interaction of both factors in TFP behavior is worth noting. Evidence suggests also that, under conditions of high macroeconomic instability, the effects of a structural reform on TFP are smaller, and vice versa. An analogous situation can be expected from macroeconomic stabilization efforts.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 287.

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Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:287
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  1. Harald Beyer B. & Rodrigo Vergara M., 2002. "Productivity and Economic Growth: the Case of Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 174, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Gabriela Contreras M & Pablo García S, 2002. "Estimating Gaps and Trends for the Chilean Economy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 165, Central Bank of Chile.
  3. Costello, Donna M, 1993. "A Cross-Country, Cross-Industry Comparison of Productivity Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 207-22, April.
  4. Rómulo A. Chumacero & J. Rodrigo Fuentes, 2002. "On the determinants of the Chilean Economic Growth," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 134, Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Norman Loayza & Raimundo Soto, 2002. "The Sources of Economic Growth: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Norman Loayza & Raimundo Soto & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Editor) (ed.), Economic Growth: Sources, Trends, and Cycles, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 1, pages 001-040 Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Eduardo Lora, 1997. "A Decade of Structural Reforms in Latin America: What Has Been Reformed and How to Measure It," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6428, Inter-American Development Bank.
  7. Juan Eduardo Coeymans, 1999. "Determinantes de la Productividad en Chile: 1961-1997," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 36(107), pages 597-637.
  8. Hendry, David F., 1995. "Dynamic Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198283164, March.
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