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The Determinants of Environmental Innovations and Patenting: Germany Reconsidered

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  • Tilmann Rave

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  • Frank Goetzke
  • Mario Larch

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence on the objectives and determinants of different types of innovations and patents, environmental as opposed to other innovations and patents, and different variants of environmental innovations and patents. We investigate how firm-specific and sector-specific driving forces differ by innovation type. Moreover, we outline the functions that different innovation types have for environmental and innovation policies. We find that eco-innovators put relatively more attention to cost reduction, in particular the reduction of energy and resource costs, compared to other innovators. Cost pressure and reliable, predictable and strict framework conditions of environmental policy turns out to be an important driver for more incremental, firm-level eco-innovations contributing to the diffusion of principally known technologies among firms. By contrast, more far-reaching patented eco-innovations are driven by the opportunity to create new markets and by government subsidies.

Suggested Citation

  • Tilmann Rave & Frank Goetzke & Mario Larch, 2011. "The Determinants of Environmental Innovations and Patenting: Germany Reconsidered," ifo Working Paper Series 97, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_97
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/IfoWorkingPaper-97.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandra Rese & Anke Kutschke & Daniel Baier, 2016. "Analyzing The Relative Influence Of Supply Side, Demand Side And Regulatory Factors On The Success Of Collaborative Energy Innovation Projects," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 20(02), pages 1-43, February.
    2. repec:prp:uppmos:978-961-7023-53-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yu-Shan Chen & Ching-Hsun Chang & Yu-Hsien Lin, 2014. "The Determinants of Green Radical and Incremental Innovation Performance: Green Shared Vision, Green Absorptive Capacity, and Green Organizational Ambidexterity," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(11), pages 1-20, November.
    4. Peñasco, Cristina & del Río, Pablo & Romero-Jordán, Desiderio, 2017. "Analysing the Role of International Drivers for Eco-innovators," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 56-71.
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1870-:d:115533 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Fulvio Castellacci & Christine Mee Lie, 2016. "A Taxonomy Of Green Innovators:Empirical Evidence From South Korea," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20160808, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    7. Horbach, Jens & Rammer, Christian & Rennings, Klaus, 2012. "Determinants of eco-innovations by type of environmental impact — The role of regulatory push/pull, technology push and market pull," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 112-122.
    8. Marin, Giovanni, 2014. "Do eco-innovations harm productivity growth through crowding out? Results of an extended CDM model for Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 301-317.
    9. Pereira, Ángeles & Vence, Xavier, 2012. "Key business factors for eco-innovation: an overview of recent firm-level empirical studies," Cuadernos de Gestión, Universidad del País Vasco - Instituto de Economía Aplicada a la Empresa (IEAE).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental innovation; patent; discrete choice models;

    JEL classification:

    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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