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The Female Vote and the Rise of AKP in Turkey


  • Jan Fidrmuc
  • Cigdem Börke Tunali


Differences between the voting behavior of men and women have become one of the most significant issues in social science research in recent years. In this study, we examine whether there is gender gap in voting behavior in Turkey. Using European Social Survey data, we find that education level and religiosity are the main determinants of voting behavior of both men and women in Turkey. There are significant differences between the genders, nevertheless. In particular, the effect of education on the support for the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Republican People’s Party (CHP) among male and female voters was different in the general election held in 2002. We argue that this outcome may be driven by the different labor-market implications of Islamization for male and female workers with intermediate skills.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fidrmuc & Cigdem Börke Tunali, 2015. "The Female Vote and the Rise of AKP in Turkey," CESifo Working Paper Series 5226, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_5226

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lena Edlund & Rohini Pande, 2002. "Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(3), pages 917-961.
    2. Toke Aidt & Bianca Dallal, 2008. "Female voting power: the contribution of women’s suffrage to the growth of social spending in Western Europe (1869–1960)," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 134(3), pages 391-417, March.
    3. Manow, Philip & Emmenegger, Patrick, 2012. "Religion and the gender vote gap: Women's changed political preferences from the 1970s to 2010," Working papers of the ZeS 01/2012, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
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    More about this item


    gender gap; voting; Turkey; Justice and Development Party (AKP); Republican People's Party (CHP); democracy; Islam;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion


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