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Financing Conditions, the Concept of Innovation Capacity and the Innovative Activity of Firms

  • Georg Paula

In this paper a novel survey dataset allows us to use a direct measure for credit constraints as well as a direct measure for the innovative activity of a firm to identify the effects of credit constraints on the innovation behaviour of firms. Furthermore, the design of the survey questions and the panel structure of the dataset allow us to avoid problems commonly difficult to solve such as the existence of forward looking adjustments in a world of expectations or mutual causation, and moreover to analyse potential asymmetries in the effects of above average and below average credit conditions. As opposed to many other papers we find clear evidence for a negative effect of credit constraints on the innovative activity of firms. In addition, we find that below average financing conditions restrict innovative activity, while above average financing conditions do not foster it. To explain this novel result we extend the usual theory of innovation activity by rigidities with respect to a firm’s individual innovation capacity, which leads to a differentiation between a long run and a short run equilibrium in innovative output.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3296.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3296
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  1. Stephen Bond & Dietmar Harhoff & John Van Reenen, 2010. "Investment, R&D and Financial Constraints in Britain and Germany," NBER Chapters, in: Contributions in Memory of Zvi Griliches, pages 433-460 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Dirk Czarnitzki & Hanna Hottenrott, 2011. "Financial Constraints: Routine Versus Cutting Edge R&D Investment," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 121-157, 03.
  3. Aydogan Alti, 2003. "How Sensitive Is Investment to Cash Flow When Financing Is Frictionless?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(2), pages 707-722, 04.
  4. Benoît Mulkay & Bronwyn H, Hall & Jacques Mairesse, 2000. "Firm Level Investment and R&D in France and the United States : A Comparison," Working Papers 2000-49, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  5. Gianfranco Atzeni & Claudio Piga, 2005. "R&D investment, Credit Rationing and Sample Selection," Discussion Paper Series 2005_6, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Jun 2005.
  6. Hottenrott, Hanna & Peters, Bettina, 2012. "Innovative capability and financing constraints for innovation: More money, more innovation?," ZEW Discussion Papers 09-081 [rev.2], ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Sascha O. Becker & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2008. "European Data Watch: Micro Data at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research – The “Ifo Business Survey”, Usage and Access," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 128(2), pages 307-319.
  8. Smolny, Werner, 1998. "Innovations, Prices and Employment: A Theoretical Model and an Empirical Application for West German Manufacturing Firms," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 359-81, September.
  9. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  10. Robert E. Carpenter & Bruce C. Petersen, 2002. "Is The Growth Of Small Firms Constrained By Internal Finance?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 298-309, May.
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