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Inefficient Group Organization as Optimal Adaption to Dominant Environments

  • Martin Kolmar
  • Andreas Wagener

Contests between groups are plagued by intra-group externalities (freeriding). Yet, costless incentive schemes that entirely avoid free-riding within a group might not be desirable, neither individually nor socially. In contests among two groups, a relatively weak (i.e., small or unproductive) group will optimally not implement them because they compound strength differences between groups. If both groups rein in their intra-group externalities, they are both worse off, compared to a situation with free-riding, if they are relatively similar. If they are sufficiently heterogenous, the weak group loses at the expense of the relatively strong group.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2010/wp-cesifo-2010-08/cesifo1_wp3157.pdf
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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3157.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3157
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