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Apprenticeship in Europe: 'Fading' or Flourishing?


  • Hilary Steedman


This paper sets out the extent and defining characteristics of apprenticeship in Europe. Apprenticeship is then situated within the wider context of European provision for education and training of 16-19 year olds and a simple typology is proposed and explained. The German-speaking dual system countries are characterised as high employer commitment countries with minimal integration of apprenticeship into full-time 16-19 provision and weak links with tertiary education. The UK, the Netherlands and France are characterised as having relatively low levels of employer commitment but greater integration of apprenticeship into full-time provision and stronger links between apprenticeship and tertiary level provision. Recent evidence on the extent to which both apprenticeship models improve employment probabilities is reviewed and pressures on the two apprenticeship models resulting from increasingly competitive global markets and consequent changing skill needs are examined. A final section discusses whether apprenticeship in Europe can adapt to and survive these pressures.

Suggested Citation

  • Hilary Steedman, 2005. "Apprenticeship in Europe: 'Fading' or Flourishing?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0710, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0710

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    Cited by:

    1. Hancké, Bob & Coulter, Steve, 2013. "The German manufacturing sector unpacked: institutions, policies and future trajectories," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 56090, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Elodie Alet & Liliane Bonnal, 2012. "L’apprentissage : un impact positif sur la réussite scolaire des niveaux V," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 454(1), pages 3-22.
    3. Heinz Hollenstein & Tobias Stucki, 2008. "The Impact of ICT Usage, Workplace Organisation and Human Capital on the Provision of Apprenticeship Training: A firm-level analysis based on Swiss panel data," KOF Working papers 08-205, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.

    More about this item


    apprenticeship; dual system; school to work transition;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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