IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/cdl/uctcwp/qt723002kt.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Transportation Pricing Strategies for California: An Assessment of Congestion, Emissions, Energy. And Equity Impacts

Author

Listed:
  • Deakin, Elizabeth
  • Harvey, Greig
  • Pozdena, Randall
  • Yarema, Geoffrey

Abstract

This study investigated five categories of transportation pricing measures – congestion pricing, parking charges, fuel tax increases, VMT fees, and emissions fees. Advanced travel demand models were used to analyze these measures for the Los Angeles, Bay Area, San Diego, and Sacramento metropolitan areas. The analyses indicate that transportation pricing measures could effectively relieve congestion, lower pollutant emissions, reduce energy use, and raise revenues. For example, a combination of congestion pricing, employee parking charges, a 50 cent gas tax increase, and mileage and emissions feeds would reduce VMT and trips by 5-7 percent and cut fuel use and emissions by 12-20 percent, varying by region. Because auto use and its impacts are quite inelastic to price, sizable increases in revenue can be obtained with relatively little effect on travel, conversely price increases must be large to obtain sizable reductions in travel and its externalities. Citizen reactions to prototype transportation pricing measures were explored in focus groups, and feedback from public officials and private organizations was obtained through meetings and interviews. First reactions were skeptical, but many were more favorably inclined after considering alternatives to pricing. Public acceptance would be increased by earmarking revenues for transportation improvements and providing independent oversight of revenue collection and expenditure. Federal and state laws govern and in some cases restrict the implementation of pricing strategies, and these and other institutional and administrative issues would have to be resolved before proceeding with specific measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Deakin, Elizabeth & Harvey, Greig & Pozdena, Randall & Yarema, Geoffrey, 1996. "Transportation Pricing Strategies for California: An Assessment of Congestion, Emissions, Energy. And Equity Impacts," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt723002kt, University of California Transportation Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt723002kt
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/723002kt.pdf;origin=repeccitec
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Rodier, Caroline J., 2008. "A Review of the International Modeling Literature: Transit, Land Use, and Auto Pricing Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled and Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt9xx46933, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    2. Farber, Steven & Bartholomew, Keith & Li, Xiao & Páez, Antonio & Nurul Habib, Khandker M., 2014. "Assessing social equity in distance based transit fares using a model of travel behavior," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 291-303.
    3. Nuworsoo, Cornelius & Golub, Aaron & Deakin, Elizabeth, 2009. "Analyzing equity impacts of transit fare changes: Case study of Alameda-Contra Costa Transit, California," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 360-368, November.
    4. Kay, Andrew I. & Noland, Robert B. & Rodier, Caroline J., 2014. "Achieving reductions in greenhouse gases in the US road transportation sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 536-545.
    5. McCollum, David & Yang, Christopher, 2009. "Achieving deep reductions in US transport greenhouse gas emissions: Scenario analysis and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5580-5596, December.
    6. Brinkman, Anthony & Goldman, Todd, 1998. "Transportation Models In the Policy-Making Process: Uses, Misuses, And Lessons For The Future," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt47h925rc, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    7. Rodier, Caroline J. & Abraham, John E. & Dix, Brenda N. & Hunt, John Douglas Dr., 2009. "Equity Analysis of Land Use and Transport Plans Using an Integrated Spatial Model," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt7vd6g464, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    8. King, David & Manville, Michael & Shoup, Donald, 2007. "The political calculus of congestion pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9js9z8gz, University of California Transportation Center.
    9. Rodier, Caroline J., 2009. "A Review of the International Modeling Literature: Transit, Land Use, and Auto Pricing Strategies to Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled and Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt2jh2m3ps, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    10. repec:eee:transa:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:79-94 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Timothy Welch & Sabyasachee Mishra, 2014. "Envisioning an emission diet: application of travel demand mechanisms to facilitate policy decision making," Transportation, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 611-631, May.
    12. Guo, Zhan, 2013. "Home parking convenience, household car usage, and implications to residential parking policies," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 97-106.
    13. Heike Link, 2007. "Acceptability of the German Charging Scheme for Heavy Goods Vehicles: Empirical Evidence from a Freight Company Survey," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 141-158, May.
    14. Harrington, Winston & McConnell, Virginia & Cannon, Matthew, 1998. "A Behavioral Analysis of EPA's MOBILE Emission Factor Model," Discussion Papers dp-98-47, Resources For the Future.
    15. King, David & Manville, Michael & Shoup, Donald, 2007. "The political calculus of congestion pricing," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 111-123, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social and Behavioral Sciences;

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt723002kt. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/itucbus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.