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Revisiting the importance of non-tradable goods' prices in cyclical real exchange rate fluctuations

Author

Listed:
  • Ida Wolden Bache

    (Norges Bank (Central Bank of Norway))

  • Kjersti Næss

    () (Norges Bank (Central Bank of Norway))

  • Tommy Sveen

    () (Norges Bank (Central Bank of Norway))

Abstract

In an influential paper Engel (1999. Accounting for U.S. Real Exchange Rate Changes, Journal of Political Economy 107, 507-538) argues that essentially all the flctuations in the real exchange rate can be attributed to fluctuations in the relative price of traded goods, and that only a small part of the fluctuations can be attributed to changes in the relative price of non-tradables. We instead decompose the real exchange rate into three components: the relative price of traded goods at-the-dock, the difference in the relative price of non-traded to traded goods and the difference in the wedge between retail prices of traded goods and the prices of traded goods at-the-dock. Using data on US bilateral real exchange rates we find that the fluctuations in the relative wedge between retail prices and traded goods prices at-the-dock account for on average between 30 and 70 percent of the movements in the real exchange rate. These findings suggest that the relationship between traded goods prices at-the-dock and retail prices of traded goods is key to understanding real exchange rate fluctuations.

Suggested Citation

  • Ida Wolden Bache & Kjersti Næss & Tommy Sveen, 2009. "Revisiting the importance of non-tradable goods' prices in cyclical real exchange rate fluctuations," Working Paper 2009/03, Norges Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:bno:worpap:2009_03
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    File URL: http://www.norges-bank.no/en/Published/Papers/Working-Papers/2009/WP-20093/
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ariel Burstein & Martin Eichenbaum & Sergio Rebelo, 2005. "Large Devaluations and the Real Exchange Rate," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(4), pages 742-784, August.
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    3. Anthony Landry & Mario Crucini, 2010. "Accounting for Real Exchange Rates using Micro-Data," 2010 Meeting Papers 1100, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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    8. Burstein, Ariel & Eichenbaum, Martin & Rebelo, Sergio, 2006. "The importance of nontradable goods' prices in cyclical real exchange rate fluctuations," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 247-253, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Drago Bergholt & Tommy Sveen, 2014. "Sectoral Interdependence and Business Cycle Synchronization in Small Open Economies," Working Papers No 2/2014, Centre for Applied Macro- and Petroleum economics (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School.
    2. P. Jacob, 2010. "Disaggregating Real Exchange Rate Dynamics: A Structural Approach," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 10/655, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real exchange rates;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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