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Probabilidad de incumplimiento de entidades financieras colombianas: una aproximación estructural

Author

Listed:
  • Wilmar Cabrera-Rodríguez

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Santiago Segovia-Baquero

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Juan Sebastián Mariño-Montaña

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Eduardo Yanquen

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

En este documento se evalúa cuál sería la probabilidad de incumplimiento de cinco entidades financieras colombianas a partir de la modelación estructural de su balance. La especificación propuesta, en la cual la probabilidad de incumplimiento se determina de manera endógena, muestra un mejor nivel de ajuste con respecto a la versión clásica del modelo de Merton (1974), el cual se usa como referencia. El modelo reduce algunas de las limitaciones que se encuentran en los modelos que se han usado tradicionalmente para evaluar la probabilidad de incumplimiento, y permite un mejor entendimiento de la estructura de balance de las entidades financieras y la forma en la que estas actúan en situaciones de estrés. ****** ABSTRACT: This paper evaluates which would be the probability of default of five colombian financial institutions using a structural approximation to model their balance sheet. The proposed specification, in which the default probability is determined endogenously, shows a better fit with respect to Merton’s classical model, which was used as benchmark. The model reduces some of the limitations found in the models that have been used traditionally to evaluate the probability of default, and allows a better understanding of the balance sheet structure of the financial institutions and the way they face stress situations.

Suggested Citation

  • Wilmar Cabrera-Rodríguez & Santiago Segovia-Baquero & Juan Sebastián Mariño-Montaña & Eduardo Yanquen, 2019. "Probabilidad de incumplimiento de entidades financieras colombianas: una aproximación estructural," Borradores de Economia 1097, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1097
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/be.1097
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Merton, Robert C., 1977. "On the pricing of contingent claims and the Modigliani-Miller theorem," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 241-249, November.
    2. Goldstein, Robert & Ju, Nengjiu & Leland, Hayne, 2001. "An EBIT-Based Model of Dynamic Capital Structure," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74(4), pages 483-512, October.
    3. Leland, Hayne E, 1994. "Corporate Debt Value, Bond Covenants, and Optimal Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1213-1252, September.
    4. Nikola A. Tarashev, 2008. "An Empirical Evaluation of Structural Credit-Risk Models," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 4(1), pages 1-53, March.
    5. Merton, Robert C, 1974. "On the Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 29(2), pages 449-470, May.
    6. Marcos Souto & Lisandro Abrego, 2008. "The Colombian banking sector - a contingent claims analysis," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, December.
    7. Duffie, Darrell & Lando, David, 2001. "Term Structures of Credit Spreads with Incomplete Accounting Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(3), pages 633-664, May.
    8. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-654, May-June.
    9. Paul Kato & Jens Hagendorff, 2010. "Distance to default, subordinated debt, and distress indicators in the banking industry," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 50(4), pages 853-870, December.
    10. Sreedhar T. Bharath & Tyler Shumway, 2008. "Forecasting Default with the Merton Distance to Default Model," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(3), pages 1339-1369, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Silva, Thiago Christiano & Guerra, Solange Maria & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda, 2020. "Fiscal risk and financial fragility," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Probabilidad de incumplimiento; Modelos estructurales; Riesgo de crédito; Probability of default; Structural models; Credit Risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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