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La Inversión Directa de Colombia en el Exterior (IDCE) y su renta: determinantes y dinámica reciente


  • Adrian Martinez-Osorio

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Deicy J. Cristiano-Botia

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Celina Gaitan-Maldonado

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Diego A. Sandoval-Herrera

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)


Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar la evolución reciente de la inversión directa de colombianos en el exterior y los ingresos derivados de la rentabilidad de la misma como fuente de ingresos externos, haciendo énfasis en los principales determinantes de dicha inversión y la selección de los mercados destino. Así, en este artículo se estimaron dos modelos: primero, un panel-probit con el que se determinó las principales características de las empresas que realizan inversión directa en el exterior y, segundo, un modelo panel que caracterizó el perfil de los países que reciben dicha inversión. Los resultados de estas estimaciones indican que es más probable que una firma colombiana haga inversión directa si el tamaño de la empresa es mediano o grande frente a una pequeña, ha realizado operaciones de comercio exterior y/o tiene inversión extranjera directa. Por otra parte, si una firma no pertenece al sector financiero, la probabilidad de hacer inversión en el exterior es menor. Adicionalmente, se pudo establecer que, en promedio, una economía recibe más inversión directa desde Colombia si ha firmado un acuerdo comercial, reporta un mayor índice de libertad económica, se encuentra más cercana a la economía colombiana y tiene un mayor tamaño. **** ABSTRACT: This study seeks to analyse the recent evolution of direct investment of Colombian enterprises abroad and the income derived from its profitability as a source of external income. This paper highlights the main determinants of such investment and the selection of target markets. Thus, in this article two models were estimated: first, a panel-probit was used to determine the main characteristics of the companies that make direct investment abroad; second, a panel model was used to characterize the profile of the countries that receive Colombian direct investment. Estimations made indicate that a Colombian firm is more likely to make direct investment if it is larger, has carried out foreign trade operations or has direct foreign investment. On the other hand, if a firm does not belong to the financial sector, the probability of making investment abroad is lower. Additionally, it was established that, on average, an economy receives more direct investment from Colombia if it has trade agreement, reports a higher rate of economic freedom, is closer to the Colombian economy and has a larger size.

Suggested Citation

  • Adrian Martinez-Osorio & Deicy J. Cristiano-Botia & Celina Gaitan-Maldonado & Diego A. Sandoval-Herrera, 2019. "La Inversión Directa de Colombia en el Exterior (IDCE) y su renta: determinantes y dinámica reciente," Borradores de Economia 1068, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1068
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1068

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jorge Toro & Aarón Garavito & David Camilo López & Enrique Montes, 2015. "El choque petrolero y sus implicaciones en la economía colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013829, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Raymond Vernon, 1966. "International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(2), pages 190-207.
    3. Aarón Garavito & Ana María Iregui & María Teresa Ramírez, 2014. "An Empirical Examination of the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Firm-Level Analysis for the Colombian Economy," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, June.
    4. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, September.
    5. Williamson, Oliver E, 1981. "The Modern Corporation: Origins, Evolution, Attributes," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 19(4), pages 1537-1568, December.
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    More about this item


    Inversión directa de Colombia en el exterior y su renta; Balanza de pagos; Cuenta Corriente; Cuenta Financiera; Economía internacional; Colombian direct invesment abroad and its income return; Balance of Payments; Current Account; Financial Account; Internacional Economics.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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