IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

El gasto público en Colombia: Algunos aspectos sobre su tamaño, evolución y estructura


  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Jorge Enrique Ramos-Forero

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)


Este documento presenta una visión general sobre el gasto público en Colombia, destacando algunos aspectos sobre el gasto óptimo y algunas comparaciones internacionales sobre el tamaño del Estado. Así mismo, presenta una descripción sobre la evolución del gasto del Gobierno Nacional Central con base en la clasificación económica tradicional y la clasificación del Presupuesto General de la Nación por finalidad. Bajo esta última clasificación se destaca la evolución del gasto social en los últimos años.

Suggested Citation

  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Jorge Enrique Ramos-Forero, 2017. "El gasto público en Colombia: Algunos aspectos sobre su tamaño, evolución y estructura," Borradores de Economia 1003, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1003
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1003

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Camilo Alvis & Cristian Castrillón, 2013. "Tamano óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," Revista Cuadernos de Economia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, FCE, CID, December.
    2. Feldstein, Martin, 1997. "How Big Should Government Be?," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 50(2), pages 197-213, June.
    3. Afonso, António & Furceri, Davide, 2010. "Government size, composition, volatility and economic growth," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 517-532, December.
    4. Becker, Gary S & Mulligan, Casey B, 2003. "Deadweight Costs and the Size of Government," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46(2), pages 293-340, October.
    5. Carlos Esteban Posada & José Fernando Escobar, 2003. "Crecimiento Económico y Gasto Público: Una Interpretación de las Experiencias Internacionales y del Caso Colombiano (1982-1999)," Borradores de Economia 258, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
    7. Karras, Georgios, 1996. "The Optimal Government Size: Further International Evidence on the Productivity of Government Services," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 34(2), pages 193-203, April.
    8. Ng, Yew-Kwang, 2000. "The Optimal Size of Public Spending and the Distortionary Cost of Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 53(2), pages 253-272, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Martha López & Eduardo Sarmiento G., 2019. "El Sistema Pensional en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1078, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Luis E. Arango & Oscar Iván Ávila-Montealegre & Jhorland Ayala-García & Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Jesús Alonso Botero-García & Carolina Crispin-Fory & Manuela Cardona & Daniel, 2023. "Aspectos financieros y fiscales del sistema de salud en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, issue 106, pages 1-92, October.
    3. Jhorland Ayala-García & Clark Granger-Castaño & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra, 2022. "Dinámica de las reglas fiscales subnacionales y la nacional," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 305, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Jorge Enrique Ramos-Forero & Camilo Gómez, 2022. "El presupuesto general de la nación: una aproximación a las partidas de transferencias e inversión," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes,Facultad de Economía, CEDE, vol. 90(5), pages 153-206, February.
    5. Estrada, Fernando & Trujillo, Marlyn Tatiana & Pardo, Diego, 2018. "Política Fiscal, Ingresos y Desigualdad en Colombia (1990-2015) [Fiscal Policy, Income And Inequality In Colombia (1990-2015)]," MPRA Paper 88748, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hernán Rincón-Castro & María Angélica Moreno-Barrera, 2022. "El balance macroeconómico colombiano y por sectores institucionales, 1975-2021: ¿Quiénes ahorran y quiénes desahorran y por qué?," Borradores de Economia 1215, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Comisión del Gasto y la Inversión Pública, 2018. "Comisión del Gasto y la Inversión Pública. Informe final," Libros Fedesarrollo 16617, Fedesarrollo.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ming Chung Chang & Shufen Wu, 2011. "Should Marginal Cost of Public Funds include the Revenue Effect?," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 147(I), pages 1-16, March.
    2. Massimo Florio & Sara Colautti, 2005. "A logistic growth theory of public expenditures: A study of five countries over 100 years," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 122(3), pages 355-393, March.
    3. Facchini, François & Melki, Mickaël, 2013. "Efficient government size: France in the 20th century," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Facchini, François & Melki, Mickaël, 2013. "Efficient government size: France in the 20th century," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-14.
    5. Will Martin & James E. Anderson, 2005. "Costs of Taxation and the Benefits of Public Goods: The Role of Income Effects," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 617, Boston College Department of Economics.
    6. Tai Dang Nguyen, 2016. "Impact Of Government Spending On Inflation In Asian Emerging Economies: Evidence From India, China, And Indonesia," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 64(05), pages 1171-1200, December.
    7. Slemrod, Joel & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2001. "Integrating Expenditure and Tax Decisions: The Marginal Cost of Funds and the Marginal Benefit of Projects," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 54(2), pages 189-202, June.
    8. Wendner, Ronald & Goulder, Lawrence H., 2008. "Status effects, public goods provision, and excess burden," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(10-11), pages 1968-1985, October.
    9. Parry, Ian, 2000. "Comparing the Marginal Excess Burden of Labor, Gasoline, Cigarette and Alcohol Taxes: An Application to the United Kingdom," RFF Working Paper Series dp-00-33-rev, Resources for the Future.
    10. Hüseyin Şen & Ayşe Kaya & Ayşegül Durucan, 2023. "New insights into the growth-maximizing size of government: evidence and implications for Turkey," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 56(4), pages 2243-2296, August.
    11. Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo & Martínez-Vázquez, Jorge & Vulovic, Violeta, 2013. "Taxation and Economic Growth in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4583, Inter-American Development Bank.
    12. Louis Kaplow, 2010. "Optimal Control of Externalities in the Presence of Income Taxation," STICERD - Public Economics Programme Discussion Papers 02, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    13. Shin-Chyang Lee & Shang-Fen Wu & Cheng-Te Lee, 2017. "Government Size and Stochastic Growth," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(3), pages 219-227, September.
    14. Sabrina Auci & Laura Castellucci & Manuela Coromaldi, 2021. "How does public spending affect technical efficiency? Some evidence from 15 European countries," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(1), pages 108-130, January.
    15. ZAREEN, SHUMAILA & Qayyum, Abdul, 2014. "An Analysis of the Impact of Government Size on Economic Growth of Pakistan: An Endogenous Growth," MPRA Paper 85426, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
    16. Dan Usher, 2006. "The Marginal Cost of Public Funds Is the Ratio of Mean Income to Median Income," Public Finance Review, , vol. 34(6), pages 687-711, November.
    17. Ehsan Rajabi & Junaina Muhammad, 2014. "Does The Government Size Cause Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Selected ASEAN Countries," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 3-20.
    18. Alessandra Cepparulo & Gilles Mourre, 2020. "How and How Much? The Growth-Friendliness of Public Spending through the Lens," European Economy - Discussion Papers 132, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    19. Sefa Awaworyi Churchill & Mehmet Ugur & Siew Ling Yew, 2017. "Does Government Size Affect Per-Capita Income Growth? A Hierarchical Meta-Regression Analysis," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 93(300), pages 142-171, March.
    20. Suleyman Kasal, 2023. "Analysing The Armey Curve Based On The Fourier Cointegration Approach For Turkey," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Belgrade, vol. 68(236), pages 139-158, January –.

    More about this item


    Gasto público; bienes públicos; tamaño del Estado;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.