Banking System, International Investors and Central Bank Policy in Emerging Markets
This paper argues that the liberalization of capital inflows in a small open economy with a financial system dominated by banks may provoke a soft budget constraint distortion, because large amounts of funds become available at relatively low cost. International investors internalize the risk of accumulation of losses by the banking system only when the risk premium is sufficiently high so as to determine a positive probability that banks will default. This explains why crises occur when massive losses have already been accumulated. In this context, international investorsï¿½ incomplete information about the types of projects financed by the domestic banking system leads to crises with very similar dynamics, even if the banks are only illiquid, because a temporary increase in the cost of funds may drive illiquid banks to insolvency. This mechanism may explain contagion among countries that are equally rated by international investors but that have different investment opportunities. Finally, the implications of different institutional arrangements for financial stability are examined. In particular, the main source of soft-budget constraint problems in emerging markets is the limited number of lenders and boom-bust cycles may arise even if the central bank does not guarantee deposits.
|Date of creation:||Mar 2000|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Via Nazionale, 91 - 00184 Roma|
Web page: http://www.bancaditalia.it
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_369_00. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.