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The contribution of firm profits to the recent rise in inflation


  • Panagiotis Bouras
  • Christian Bustamante
  • Xing Guo
  • Jacob Short


We measure the contribution to inflation from the growth in markups of Canadian firms. The dynamics of inflation and markups suggest that changes in markups could account for less than one-tenth of inflation in 2021. Further, they suggest that peak inflation was driven primarily by changes in the costs of firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Panagiotis Bouras & Christian Bustamante & Xing Guo & Jacob Short, 2023. "The contribution of firm profits to the recent rise in inflation," Staff Analytical Notes 2023-12, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocsan:23-12

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Olga Bilyk & Timothy Grieder & Mikael Khan, 2023. "Markups and inflation during the COVID-19 pandemic," Staff Analytical Notes 2023-8, Bank of Canada.
    2. Jan De Loecker & Jan Eeckhout & Gabriel Unger, 2020. "The Rise of Market Power and the Macroeconomic Implications [“Econometric Tools for Analyzing Market Outcomes”]," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 135(2), pages 561-644.
    3. Andrew Glover & Jose Mustre-del-Rio & Alice von Ende-Becker, 2023. "How Much Have Record Corporate Profits Contributed to Recent Inflation?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, vol. 0(no.1), pages 1-13, January.
    4. Mr. Niels-Jakob H Hansen & Mr. Frederik G Toscani & Jing Zhou, 2023. "Euro Area Inflation after the Pandemic and Energy Shock: Import Prices, Profits and Wages," IMF Working Papers 2023/131, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Panpan Zhu & Qingjie Zhou & Yinpeng Zhang, 2024. "Investor attention and consumer price index inflation rate: Evidence from the United States," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 11(1), pages 1-12, December.

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    More about this item


    Firm dynamics; Inflation and prices; Market structure and pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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