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The Role of Central Banks in Promoting Financial Stability: An International Perspective

Author

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  • Rose Cunningham
  • Christian Friedrich

Abstract

The 2007–09 global financial crisis has led policy-makers around the world, including central banks, to refocus their efforts to promote financial stability. As part of this process, central banks became quite active in supporting financial stability in a variety of ways, such as publicly sharing their assessments of financial system vulnerabilities and risks and helping to strengthen regulation, supervision and macroprudential measures. However, the use of monetary policy instruments for managing financial stability risks is more widely debated because central banks may face a trade-off between attaining their inflation targets in a timely manner and exacerbating financial stability risks. Recent research suggests that central banks that tend to have stronger financial stability mandates and less influence over regulatory and macroprudential tools are more likely to use monetary policy to address financial stability risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Rose Cunningham & Christian Friedrich, 2016. "The Role of Central Banks in Promoting Financial Stability: An International Perspective," Discussion Papers 16-15, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocadp:16-15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lars E.O. Svensson, 2014. "Inflation Targeting and "Leaning against the Wind"," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(2), pages 103-114, June.
    2. Christian Friedrich & Kristina Hess & Rose Cunningham, 2019. "Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Cross‐Country Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(2-3), pages 403-453, March.
    3. Paul Jenkins & David Longworth, 2015. "Securing Monetary and Financial Stability: Why Canada Needs a Macroprudential Policy Framework," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 429, June.
    4. Drehmann, Mathias & Juselius, Mikael, 2014. "Evaluating early warning indicators of banking crises: Satisfying policy requirements," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 759-780.
    5. Oleksiy Kryvtsov & Miguel Molico & Ben Tomlin, 2015. "On the Nexus of Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Recent Developments and Research," Discussion Papers 15-7, Bank of Canada.
    6. Akinci, Ozge & Olmstead-Rumsey, Jane, 2015. "How Effective are Macroprudential Policies? An Empirical Investigation," International Finance Discussion Papers 1136, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Cerutti, Eugenio & Claessens, Stijn & Laeven, Luc, 2017. "The use and effectiveness of macroprudential policies: New evidence," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 203-224.
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    1. repec:jfr:ijfr11:v:9:y:2018:i:4:p:43-50 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial stability; Financial system regulation and policies;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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