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Credit Risk and the Role of Capital Adequacy Regulation

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Abstract

Using the industrial organization approach to the microeconomics of banking we model a large (Monti-Klein) bank which is risk neutral and faces credit uncertainty in its loan business. The impact of capital adequacy regulation and the effect of changes in risk on deposit and loan rates are analyzed. We then show that capital adequacy regulation induces the bank to behave as if it were risk averse. Finally, we examine risk management with credit derivatives in the framework of the proposed New Basel Capital Accord where such hedging operations are explicitly accounted as reducing the risk position of a bank. In this environment separation and full hedge results are derived.

Suggested Citation

  • Thilo Pausch & Peter Welzel, 2002. "Credit Risk and the Role of Capital Adequacy Regulation," Discussion Paper Series 224, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:aug:augsbe:0224
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    File URL: http://www.wiwi.uni-augsburg.de/vwl/institut/paper/224.pdf
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    1. Zarruk, Emilio R. & Madura, Jeff, 1992. "Optimal Bank Interest Margin under Capital Regulation and Deposit Insurance," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(01), pages 143-149, March.
    2. Froot, Kenneth A. & Stein, Jeremy C., 1998. "Risk management, capital budgeting, and capital structure policy for financial institutions: an integrated approach," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 55-82, January.
    3. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    4. Rothschild, Michael & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1970. "Increasing risk: I. A definition," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 225-243, September.
    5. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 1998. "Liquidity risk, liquidity creation and financial fragility: a theory of banking," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    6. Sandmo, Agnar, 1971. "On the Theory of the Competitive Firm under Price Uncertainty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 65-73, March.
    7. Donald R. Lessard, 1995. "Financial Risk Management For Developing Countries: A Policy Overview," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 8(3), pages 4-18.
    8. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2001. "Liquidity Risk, Liquidity Creation, and Financial Fragility: A Theory of Banking," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(2), pages 287-327, April.
    9. João A. C. Santos, 2000. "Bank capital regulation in contemporary banking theory: a review of the literature," BIS Working Papers 90, Bank for International Settlements.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ghosh, Saibal, 2010. "Firm Characteristics, Financial Composition and Response to Monetary Policy: Evidence from Indian Data," MPRA Paper 24717, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kashif Rashid & Adeela Rustam, 2014. "Comparative Analysis of Local and Foreign Banks Efficiency: A Case Study of Pakistan," Oeconomics of Knowledge, Saphira Publishing House, pages 7-52.
    3. Erol Muzir, 2013. "Impact of Placement Choices and Governance Issues on Credit Risk in Banking: Nonparametric Evidence from an Emerging Market," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ScientificPapers.org, vol. 3(4), pages 1-6, August.
    4. Thilo Pausch, 2003. "Bank's Assets and Liabilities Management with Multiple Sources of Risk," Discussion Paper Series 245, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    5. Pausch, Thilo, 2013. "Risk Sensitivity of Banks, Interbank Markets and the Effects of Liquidity Regulation," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79702, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Udo Broll & Peter Welzel, 2002. "Bankrisiko und Risikosteuerung mit Derivaten," Discussion Paper Series 227, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    7. Udo Broll & Peter Welzel, 2002. "Risikomanagement mit Kreditoptionen," Discussion Paper Series 231, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    8. Thilo Pausch, 2003. "The Lender-Borrower Relationship with Risk Averse Lenders," Discussion Paper Series 244, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    9. Udo Broll & Thilo Pausch & Peter Welzel, 2002. "Credit Risk and Credit Derivatives in Banking," Discussion Paper Series 228, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    10. Thilo Pausch & Gerhard Schweimayer, 2004. "Hedging with Credit Derivatives and its Strategic Role in Banking Competition," Discussion Paper Series 260, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.
    11. Iman Gunadi & Advis Budiman, 2012. "Optimisation of Bank Portfolio Composition in Indonesia," EcoMod2012 4166, EcoMod.
    12. Thilo Pausch, 2005. "Credit Risk, Credit Rationing, and the Role of Banks: The Case of Risk Averse Lenders," Discussion Paper Series 271, Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit risk; capital adequacy; regulation; risk aversion;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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