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Expected Shortfall and Beyond

  • Dirk Tasche
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    Financial institutions have to allocate so-called "economic capital" in order to guarantee solvency to their clients and counter parties. Mathematically speaking, any methodology of allocating capital is a "risk measure", i.e. a function mapping random variables to the real numbers. Nowadays "value-at-risk", which is defined as a fixed level quantile of the random variable under consideration, is the most popular risk measure. Unfortunately, it fails to reward diversification, as it is not "subadditive". In the search for a suitable alternative to value-at-risk, "Expected Shortfall" (or "conditional value-at-risk" or "tail value-at-risk") has been characterized as the smallest "coherent" and "law invariant" risk measure to dominate value-at-risk. We discuss these and some other properties of Expected Shortfall as well as its generalization to a class of coherent risk measures which can incorporate higher moment effects. Moreover, we suggest a general method on how to attribute Expected Shortfall "risk contributions" to portfolio components. Key words: Expected Shortfall; Value-at-Risk; Spectral Risk Measure; coherence; risk contribution.

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    Paper provided by in its series Papers with number cond-mat/0203558.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2002
    Date of revision: Oct 2002
    Publication status: Published in Journal of Banking and Finance 26(7), 1519-1533, 2002
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:cond-mat/0203558
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    1. C. Gourieroux & J.P. Laurent & O. Scaillet, 2000. "Sensitivity analysis of values at risk," THEMA Working Papers 2000-04, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    2. Winfried G. Hallerbach, 1999. "Decomposing Portfolio Value-at-Risk: A General Analysis," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 99-034/2, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Dirk Tasche, 2001. "Conditional Expectation as Quantile Derivative," Papers math/0104190,
    4. Acerbi, Carlo & Tasche, Dirk, 2002. "On the coherence of expected shortfall," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1487-1503, July.
    5. Acerbi, Carlo, 2002. "Spectral measures of risk: A coherent representation of subjective risk aversion," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1505-1518, July.
    6. Philippe Artzner & Freddy Delbaen & Jean-Marc Eber & David Heath, 1999. "Coherent Measures of Risk," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(3), pages 203-228.
    7. Carlo Acerbi & Claudio Nordio & Carlo Sirtori, 2001. "Expected Shortfall as a Tool for Financial Risk Management," Papers cond-mat/0102304,
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