GINI DP 64: Cross-Temporal and Cross-National Poverty and Mortality Rates among Developed Countries
Introduction Fighting poverty has always been at the centre of welfare state activities. There are several important reasons for such a focus but a key issue is no doubt that poverty is associated with increasing risks for ill-health and also death. That at least extreme poverty and poor health go together seems instinctively obvious and historically one finds numerous classical examples of investigators highlighting the interrelation between scarce economic resources and poor health status. Friedrich Engels’ The condition of the Working Class in England (1845) and Seebohm Rowntree’s investigation in York Poverty: A study of town life (1901) are the two classical examples. In the latter, Rowntree did not only show the high mortality risks among the poorest areas of the working class but also that York at that time had what is nowadays called a ”social gradient” (Marmot 2005). For example, the infant mortality rate in the area with “highest class labour” was close to double to that in the “servant-keeping class”. Interestingly enough, it was also then higher than currently in the nation that according to UN has the highest infant mortality in the world today, Sierra Leone (UN 2011). .....
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- Babones, Salvatore J., 2008. "Income inequality and population health: Correlation and causality," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(7), pages 1614-1626, April.
- Wilkinson, Richard G & Pickett, Kate E., 2006. "Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(7), pages 1768-1784, April.
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