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Poverty And Place: A Critical Review Of Rural Poverty Literature

  • Weber, Bruce A.
  • Jensen, Leif
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    Poverty rates are highest in the most urban and most rural areas of the United States, and are higher in non-metropolitan (nonmetro) than metropolitan (metro) areas, yet rural poverty remains relatively obscured from mainstream political and popular attention. This fact has motivated considerable research by rural social scientists on the relationship between poverty and place generally, and rural-urban differences in poverty, in particular. We provide a critical review of the literature on rural poverty, paying particular attention to methodogical and statistical challenges facing quantitative analyses. This body of research confirms the higher prevalence of poverty in nonmetro areas, and finds that while both compositional (individual) and contextual (structural) factors are at play, a complete explanation remains elusive. We note endogenous membership, omitted variable, and other challenges facing researchers, and conclude with suggestions for further research.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18913
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    Paper provided by Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC) in its series Working Papers with number 18913.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:osruwp:18913
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 200 Mumford Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211
    Web page: http://www.rprconline.org/index.htm
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    1. Bruce Weber & Mark Edwards & Greg Duncan, 2004. "Single Mother Work and Poverty under Welfare Reform: Are Policy Impacts Different in Rural Areas?," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 31-51, Winter.
    2. Alton Thompson & Donald McDowell, 1994. "Determinants of poverty among workers in metro and nonmetro areas of the south," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 159-177, June.
    3. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Weber, Bruce A., 2002. "How Much Does Local Job Growth Improve Employment Outcomes of the Rural Working Poor?," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 32(2), pages 255-274, Summer/Fa.
    4. Blumenberg, Evelyn A. & Shiki, Kimiko, 2003. "Spatial Mismatch Outside of Large Urban Areas: An Analysis of Welfare Recipients in Fresno County, California," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt79g1c6bs, University of California Transportation Center.
    5. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Connolly, Laura S. & Weber, Bruce A., 2003. "Local Labor Market Conditions and the Jobless Poor: How Much Does Local Job Growth Help in Rural Areas?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 28(03), December.
    6. Dan Rickman, 1998. "The causes of regional variation in U.S. poverty: A cross-county analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa98p13, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Blumenberg, Evelyn & Shiki, Kimiko, 2003. "Spatial Mismatch Outside of Large Urban Areas: An Analysis of Welfare Recipients in Fresno County, California," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt8xq2k8zn, University of California Transportation Center.
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