IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/iefi13/164768.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Impacts of Biogas Production on the Production Factors Land and Labour – Current Effects, Possible Consequences and Further Research Needs

Author

Listed:
  • Emmann, Carsten H.
  • Guenther-Lübbers, Welf
  • Theuvsen, Ludwig

Abstract

tion from agricultural sources. However, many other EU member states are creating the necessary conditions for rapid growth in this area. The German Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), which sets payments over a long time period for electricity supplied from renewa-ble sources, often serves as a benchmark. However, the continuing biogas boom has also led to criticism of the EEG in Germany. Opponents of biogas production point to the rising cost of leasing land, changes in the agricultural structure due to maize monoculture, increased competition with other agricultural branches (e.g., livestock husbandry) and the crowding out of classical food production. This paper examines the validity of these points of criticism. To this end, a written survey (n = 246) of farmers in six selected rural districts in the German state of Lower Saxony was carried out in 2010 and 2011. OLS regressions conducted on the data from these farmers showed that biogas production has led to a substantial increase in land lease prices for cropland. Furthermore, approximately 20% of the respondents report complete crowding out of established agricultural production forms, resulting in a decrease in the resource basis for downstream animal and plant processing industries. The results also indicate that, in extreme cases, such crowding out might even reduce the availability of em-ployment in rural areas. In closing, the paper highlights further research needs in order to provide comprehensive information (for every German state, the entire country of Germany and other EU member states) regarding the effects of biogas production on net employ-ment, infrastructure and added value.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmann, Carsten H. & Guenther-Lübbers, Welf & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2013. "Impacts of Biogas Production on the Production Factors Land and Labour – Current Effects, Possible Consequences and Further Research Needs," 2013 International European Forum, February 18-22, 2013, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 164768, International European Forum on System Dynamics and Innovation in Food Networks.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iefi13:164768
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.164768
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/164768/files/38-Emmann-G_nther-L_bbers.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.22004/ag.econ.164768?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Habermann, Hendrik & Breustedt, Gunnar, 2011. "Einfluss der Biogaserzeugung auf landwirtschaftliche Pachtpreise in Deutschland," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 60(2).
    2. Nusser, Michael & Sheridan, Patrick & Walz, Rainer & Wydra, Sven & Seydel, Philipp, 2007. "Makroökonomische Effekte von nachwachsenden Rohstoffen," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 56(5/6).
    3. Stephen Langrell & Pavel Ciaian & Sergio Gomez y Paloma, 2012. "Sustainability and Production Costs in the Global Farming Sector: Comparative Analysis and Methodologies," JRC Working Papers JRC70116, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    4. Deimel, Mark & Arens, Ludwig & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2011. "The Influence of Clusters on the Competitiveness of Hog Production: The Example of Northwestern Germany," International Journal on Food System Dynamics, International Center for Management, Communication, and Research, vol. 2(2), pages 1-12, December.
    5. Habermann, Hendrik & Breustedt, Gunnar, 2011. "Einfluss der Biogaserzeugung auf landwirtschaftliche Pachtpreise in Deutschland," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 60(02), pages 1-16, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Eder & Bernhard Mahlberg & Bernhard Stürmer, 2021. "Measuring and explaining productivity growth of renewable energy producers: An empirical study of Austrian biogas plants," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 48(1), pages 37-63, February.
    2. Bartolini, Fabio & Gava, Oriana & Brunori, Gianluca, 2017. "Biogas and EU's 2020 targets: Evidence from a regional case study in Italy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 510-519.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Emmann, Carsten H. & Guenther-Lübbers, Welf & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2013. "Impacts of Biogas Production on the Production Factors Land and Labour – Current Effects, Possible Consequences and Further Research Needs," International Journal on Food System Dynamics, International Center for Management, Communication, and Research, vol. 4(1), pages 1-13, July.
    2. Guenther-Lübbers, W. & Theuvsen, L., 2015. "Regionalökonomische Effekte der niedersächsischen Biogasproduktion," Proceedings “Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues e.V.”, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA), vol. 50, March.
    3. Guenther-Lubbers, Welf & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2014. "Regionalökonomische Effekte Der Niedersächsischen Biogasproduktion," 54th Annual Conference, Goettingen, Germany, September 17-19, 2014 187426, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    4. Heinrich, F. & Appel, F., 2018. "Do investors ruin Germany s peasant agriculture?," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277171, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Hennig Solveigh & Breustedt Gunnar, 2018. "The Incidence of Agricultural Subsidies on Rental Rates for Grassland," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 238(2), pages 125-156, April.
    6. Riedel, Nadine & Simmler, Martin & Wittrock, Christian, 2020. "Local fiscal policies and their impact on the number and spatial distribution of new firms," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C).
    7. Olena Myrna & Martin Odening & Matthias Ritter, 2019. "The Influence of Wind Energy and Biogas on Farmland Prices," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-14, January.
    8. Ostermeyer, Arlette & Schonau, Franziska, 2012. "Effects of biogas production on inter- and in-farm competition," 131st Seminar, September 18-19, 2012, Prague, Czech Republic 135772, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Emmann, Carsten H. & Surmann, Dennis & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2015. "Charakterisierung und Bedeutung außerlandwirtschaftlicher Investoren: Empirische Ergebnisse aus Sicht des landwirtschaftlichen Berufsstandes," DARE Discussion Papers 1504, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development (DARE).
    10. Emmann, Carsten & Surmann, Dennis & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2015. "Charakterisierung und Bedeutung außerlandwirtschaftlicher Investoren – Empirische Ergebnisse aus Sicht des landwirtschaftlichen Berufsstandes," Department of Agricultural and Rural Development (DARE) Discussion Papers 260787, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development (DARE).
    11. Xueqing Yang & Yang Liu & Mei Wang & Alberto Bezama & Daniela Thrän, 2021. "Identifying the Necessities of Regional-Based Analysis to Study Germany’s Biogas Production Development under Energy Transition," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-20, February.
    12. Henke, Sören & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2013. "Social Life Cycle Assessment: Eine sozioökonomische Analyse der Biogasproduktion," 53rd Annual Conference, Berlin, Germany, September 25-27, 2013 156107, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    13. Back, Hans & Lehn , Friederike & Bahrs, Enno, 2018. "Der Einfluss Von Flächenkonzentration Und -Disparität Auf Die Bodenrichtwerte Von Ackerflächen – Thüringen, Rheinland-Pfalz Und Nordrhein-Westfalen Im Vergleich," 58th Annual Conference, Kiel, Germany, September 12-14, 2018 275847, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    14. Schaak, Henning & Mußhoff, Oliver, 2020. "A geoadditive distributional regression analysis of the local relationship of land prices and land rents in Germany," FORLand Working Papers 20 (2020), Humboldt University Berlin, DFG Research Unit 2569 FORLand "Agricultural Land Markets – Efficiency and Regulation".
    15. Appel, Franziska & Ostermeyer-Wiethaup, Arlette & Balmann, Alfons, 2015. "Effects of the Renewable Energy Act on structural change in Agriculture- The case of biogas," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 210956, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    16. Appel, Franziska & Ostermeyer-Wiethaup, Arlette & Balmann, Alfons, 2016. "Effects of the German Renewable Energy Act on structural change in agriculture – The case of biogas," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 172-182.
    17. Henke, S. & Theuvsen, L., 2014. "Social Life Cycle Assessment: Eine sozioökonomische Analyse der Biogasproduktion," Proceedings “Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues e.V.”, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA), vol. 49, March.
    18. Sievers, Luisa & Schaffer, Axel, 2016. "The impacts of the German biofuel quota on sectoral domestic production and imports of the German economy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 497-505.
    19. Craig Chibanda & Katrin Agethen & Claus Deblitz & Yelto Zimmer & Mohamad. I. Almadani & Hildegard Garming & Christa Rohlmann & Johan Schütte & Petra Thobe & Mandes Verhaagh & Lena Behrendt & Daniel.T., 2020. "The Typical Farm Approach and Its Application by the Agri Benchmark Network," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-24, December.
    20. Jochen Thiering & Enno Bahrs, 2008. "Optionen für eine überregional nachhaltige Standortevaluierung für die Biogasproduktion und -einspeisung," Journal of Socio-Economics in Agriculture (Until 2015: Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture), Swiss Society for Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, vol. 1(1), pages 21-38.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agribusiness; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods;
    All these keywords.

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:iefi13:164768. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ilbonde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: AgEcon Search (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ilbonde.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.