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Characterization of Maize Producing Households in Drought Prone Regions of Eastern Africa

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  • Erenstein, Olaf
  • Kassie, Girma Tesfahun
  • Langyintuo, Augustine S.
  • Mwangi, Wilfred

Abstract

Agriculture in eastern Africa is predominantly rainfed and maize is a major food crop,primarily produced for home consumption and the market by small-scale family farms. The study characterized farm households in the drought prone maize growing areas of eastern Africa synthesizing data from parallel household surveys in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The study provides a comparative analysis of the farm households’ assets, livelihood strategies and crop management practices, with an emphasis on maize and maize seed. This illustrates how farmers in a similar agro-ecological environment but with different socio-economic and institutional settings have variously adapted to living with drought and how the inherent weather risk co-determines the livelihood portfolio, agricultural intensification incentives and system development pathways. The study thereby illustrates the challenges for agricultural intensification in such drought prone environments and the scope for drought tolerant maize varieties and explores the research and development implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Erenstein, Olaf & Kassie, Girma Tesfahun & Langyintuo, Augustine S. & Mwangi, Wilfred, 2011. "Characterization of Maize Producing Households in Drought Prone Regions of Eastern Africa," Socioeconomics Program Working Papers 147045, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cimmsp:147045
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.147045
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Langyintuo, Augustine S. & Mungoma, Catherine, 2008. "The effect of household wealth on the adoption of improved maize varieties in Zambia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 550-559, December.
    3. Thornton, Philip K. & Jones, Peter G. & Owiyo, Tom & Kruska, Russell L. & Herrero, Mario & Orindi, Victor & Bhadwal, Suruchi & Kristjanson, Patricia & Notenbaert, An & Bekele, Nigat & Omolo, Abisalom, 2008. "Climate change and poverty in Africa: Mapping hotspots of vulnerability," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 2(1), pages 1-21, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Muange, Elijah N. & Schwarze, Stefan & Qaim, Matin, 2014. "Social networks and farmer exposure to improved crop varieties in Tanzania," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 183635, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    2. Muange, Elijah Nzula & Schwarze, Stefan & Qaim, Matin, 2014. "Social networks and farmer exposure to improved cereal varieties in central Tanzania," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182645, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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