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The Role of Income Growth in Emerging Markets and the BRICs in Agrifood Trade

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  • Haq, Zahoor Ul
  • Meilke, Karl D.

Abstract

This study develops an import demand model to explore the role of income in explaining the trade performance of low, middle and high-income countries with a special emphasis on Brazil, Russia, India and China – the BRIC economies. The study estimates the impact of the growth in per capita income on the trade of agrifood products using data for 52 countries and 20 agrifood products for the years 1990 to 2006. The results suggest that China, Russia and Brazil have more income elastic import demand than other middle-income countries. Conversely, the income elasticities of import demand in India are similar to other low-income countries and for the most part statistically equal to zero.

Suggested Citation

  • Haq, Zahoor Ul & Meilke, Karl D., 2009. "The Role of Income Growth in Emerging Markets and the BRICs in Agrifood Trade," Working Papers 48122, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:catpwp:48122
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48122
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
    2. Hallak, Juan Carlos, 2006. "Product quality and the direction of trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 238-265, January.
    3. Cranfield, J. A. L. & Preckel, Paul V. & Eales, James S. & Hertel, Thomas W., 2002. "Estimating consumer demands across the development spectrum: maximum likelihood estimates of an implicit direct additivity model," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 289-307, August.
    4. John Cranfield & Paul Preckel & James Eales & Thomas Hertel, 2000. "On the estimation of 'an implicitly additive demand system'," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(15), pages 1907-1915.
    5. Peter Egger, 2002. "An Econometric View on the Estimation of Gravity Models and the Calculation of Trade Potentials," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 297-312, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emerging economies; BRIC economies; Food trade; Income elasticities; Economic growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade;

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