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The Higher Educational Transformation of China and Its Global Implications

In: The Globalization of Higher Education

Author

Listed:
  • Yao Amber Li

    (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)

  • John Whalley

    (University of Western Ontario)

  • Shunming Zhang

    (Renim University)

  • Xiliang Zhao

    (Xiamen University)

Abstract

This chapter documents the major transformation of higher education that has been underway in China since 1999 and evaluates its potential global impacts. This has involved major, new resource commitments to tertiary education and significant changes in organizational form, reflecting China’s commitment to continued high growth through quality upgrading and the production of ideas and intellectual property, as set out in both the Tenth (2001–2005) and Eleventh (2006–2010) Five-Year Plans. The number of undergraduate and graduate students in China has been growing at approximately 20% per year since 1999, and the total number of graduates at all levels of higher education in China has increased by more than a factor of six in the last decade. Entering class sizes and total student enrolments have risen fast too, approximately quintupling. Prior to 1999 increases in these areas were much smaller. Much of the increased spending is focussed on elite universities, and new academic contracts differ sharply from earlier ones, which lacked tenure and often used annual publication quotas.

Suggested Citation

  • Yao Amber Li & John Whalley & Shunming Zhang & Xiliang Zhao, 2012. "The Higher Educational Transformation of China and Its Global Implications," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Christine T. Ennew & David Greenaway (ed.), The Globalization of Higher Education, chapter 10, pages 135-162, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:palchp:978-1-137-26505-0_10
    DOI: 10.1057/9781137265050_10
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tertiary Education; Total Factor Productivity Growth; Average Treatment Effect; Regional Perspective; Education Expenditure;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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