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HDR 2006 - Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis

Author

Listed:
  • UNDP

    () (Human Development Report Office (HDRO) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP))

Abstract

Throughout history water has confronted humanity with some of its greatest challenges. Water is a source of life and a natural resource that sustains our environments and supports livelihoods – but it is also a source of risk and vulnerability. In the early 21st Century, prospects for human development are threatened by a deepening global water crisis. Debunking the myth that the crisis is the result of scarcity, this report argues poverty, power and inequality are at the heart of the problem. In a world of unprecedented wealth, almost 2 million children die each year for want of a glass of clean water and adequate sanitation. Millions of women and young girls are forced to spend hours collecting and carrying water, restricting their opportunities and their choices. And water-borne infectious diseases are holding back poverty reduction and economic growth in some of the world’s poorest countries. Beyond the household, competition for water as a productive resource is intensifying. Symptoms of that competition include the collapse of water-based ecological systems, declining river flows and large-scale groundwater depletion. Conflicts over water are intensifying within countries, with the rural poor losing out. The potential for tensions between countries is also growing, though there are large potential human development gains from increased cooperation.

Suggested Citation

  • Undp, 2006. "HDR 2006 - Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis," Human Development Report (1990 to present), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), number hdr2006, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:hdr:report:hdr2006
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    File URL: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2006/
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ó. Flores & A. Jiménez & A. Pérez-Foguet, 2013. "Monitoring access to water in rural areas based on the human right to water framework: a local level case study in Nicaragua," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 605-621, December.
    2. Matthew Agarwala & Tony Allan, 2014. "Sustainable development of water resources," Chapters,in: Handbook of Sustainable Development, chapter 31, pages 500-516 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. repec:wsi:jecxxx:v:21:y:2013:i:03:n:s0218495813500155 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Genia Nagara & Wei-Haur Lam & Nasha Lee & Faridah Othman & Md Shaaban, 2015. "Comparative SWOT Analysis for Water Solutions in Asia and Africa," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 29(1), pages 125-138, January.
    5. Tan, Judy Y. & Huedo-Medina, Tania B. & Warren, Michelle R. & Carey, Michael P. & Johnson, Blair T., 2012. "A meta-analysis of the efficacy of HIV/AIDS prevention interventions in Asia, 1995–2009," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(4), pages 676-687.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    human development; water; sanitation; health; poverty reduction; water crisis; water shortages; agriculture; international cooperation; cross-border tension; natural ressources; water management;

    JEL classification:

    • A0 - General Economics and Teaching - - General
    • B4 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology
    • C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • D0 - Microeconomics - - General
    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General
    • L3 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O2 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • Y1 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Data: Tables and Charts
    • Y8 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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