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Trends and composition of private food and agricultural R & D expenditures in the United States


  • Carl E. Pray

    (Department of Agricultural Economics and Marketing, Rutgers University, Cook College, New Brunswick, New Jersey)

  • Catherine Neumeyer

    (Department of Agricultural Economics and Marketing, Rutgers University, Cook College, New Brunswick, New Jersey)


This article presents new data on the level and trends in private sector R & D on food, agriculture, and agricultural inputs. Private food and agricultural R & D grew about 4.6% annually between 1960 and 1986. The growth rate went down to 3.8% between 1980 and 1986. Much of the decline was accounted for by the decline in agricultural machinery R & D. Research divided by sales increased during the 1980s, indicating that the slowdown in R & D growth was due to the slowdown in sales rather than mergers or decreasing productivity of R & D.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl E. Pray & Catherine Neumeyer, 1990. "Trends and composition of private food and agricultural R & D expenditures in the United States," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 6(3), pages 191-207.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:6:y:1990:i:3:p:191-207
    DOI: 10.1002/1520-6297(199005)6:3<191::AID-AGR2720060303>3.0.CO;2-O

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. E. Pasour & Marc Johnson, 1982. "Bureaucratic productivity: The case of agricultural research revisited," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 301-317, January.
    2. Farrell E. Jensen & C. Arden Pope, 1987. "The changing structure of US agriculture and implications for research in agribusiness firms," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 3(2), pages 139-150.
    3. Frederic Scherer, 1984. "Using Linked Patent and R&D Data to Measure Interindustry Technology Flows," NBER Chapters,in: R&D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 417-464 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Vernon Ruttan, 1980. "Bureaucratic productivity: The case of agricultural research," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 35(5), pages 529-547, January.
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