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Development Trajectories: An Evolutionary Approach to Integrating Governance and Growth

Author

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  • Levy, Brial

    () (World Bank)

Abstract

This note introduces an evolutionary approach to economic and governance reform. It lays out two especially prevalent trajectories that differ starkly from one another in how they prioritize and sequence economic growth, state building, and the development of civil society and political institutions. The first trajectory focuses initially on investments in state capacity. The second initially prioritizes smaller, more catalytic entry points and addresses specific capacity and institutional constraints as and when they become binding. Over the longer term, both trajectories endogenously generate incentives to strengthen institutions that underpin economic competition and political accountability. But over the short to medium term, the strengths of one trajectory are mirrored as the weakness of the other. For many low-income countries, the combination of rapid growth plus a seeming excess of either order or chaos may thus be in the (medium-term) nature of things, rather than an aberration that requires fixing.

Suggested Citation

  • Levy, Brial, 2010. "Development Trajectories: An Evolutionary Approach to Integrating Governance and Growth," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 15, pages 1-7, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:prmecp:ep15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Keefer, Philip & Khemani, Stuti, 2003. "Democracy, public expenditures, and the poor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3164, The World Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    development; developing countries; governance; growth; reform; state building; civil society; political institutions; competition; low-income countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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