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Exploring the Spatial Dimensions of Rural Development Models in Malaysia 1957-2007


  • L. J. Fredericks

    () (The Centre for Poverty and Development Studies (CPDS) Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Malaya)


Malaysia, a relatively small country, gained independence from Britain in 1957 and the government began an economic re-structuring process to become a developed country. The initial rural development push to rectify the colonial policy of benign neglect of the Malay, rural, peasant sector rested on the urban industrial growth models in neo-classical growth theory. Integrated rural development was the second approach, conceptually fuzzy and diffuse. Broader policy formulations followed anchored on multiple policy interventions approximately focused on rural poverty. Within these interventions, the notions of geography, space, place and territory – the spatial dimensions – in rural development gradually emerged via the regional development area and growth pole approaches. Regional growth corridors (an extension of the agropolitan model) reflecting a deepening sensitivity to territorial, population and global dynamics are the current policy instruments. These rural development processes and their spatial dynamics in post-independent Malaysia are explored in this paper.

Suggested Citation

  • L. J. Fredericks, 2012. "Exploring the Spatial Dimensions of Rural Development Models in Malaysia 1957-2007," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 4(1), pages 47-62, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:umk:journl:v:4:y:2012:i:1:p:47-62

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gusztav Nemes, 2005. "Integrated rural development - The concept and its operation," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0506, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    2. Yudelman, Montague, 1976. "The Role of Agriculture in Integrated Rural Development Projects. The Experience of the World Bank," 1976 Conference, July 26-August 4, 1976, Nairobi, Kenya 182360, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Ghazala Mansuri, 2004. "Community-Based and -Driven Development: A Critical Review," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 19(1), pages 1-39.
    4. Philip Kostov & John Lingard, 2004. "Integrated rural development - do we need a new approach?," Others 0409006, EconWPA.
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    More about this item


    Malay; Malaysia; models; poverty; regional development; rural development; spatial;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R28 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Government Policy
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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