The Dynamic Adjustment Process of Firm Entry and Exit in Manufacturing and Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
This article examines the dynamic adjustment process of firm entry and exit in manufacturing and finance, insurance, and real estate (FIRE). The object is to extend our knowledge of firm dynamics to include firm exit as well as nonmanufacturing firms. This interindustry comparison of firm dynamics uses a unique longitudinal firm-level data set containing over 13,000 firms. I report three main findings. First, in both industries firm entry is characterized by a decline in the first two moments of the growth rate distributions and by a rise in the first two moments of the relative firm size distribution as firms age. Second, in both industries firm exit is characterized by falling mean growth rates and mean relative firm size for a number of periods prior to exit. Third, relative to FIRE, firm entry and exit in manufacturing is a longer process and involves larger adjustments in relative firm size. Copyright 1996 by the University of Chicago.
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- Evans, David S, 1987.
"The Relationship between Firm Growth, Size, and Age: Estimates for 100 Manufacturing Industries,"
Journal of Industrial Economics,
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(4), pages 567-581, June.
- Evans, David S., 1986. "The Relationship Between Firm Growth, Size, and Age: Estimates for 100 Manufacturing Industries," Working Papers 86-33, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
- Richard Baldwin & Paul Krugman, 1989. "Persistent Trade Effects of Large Exchange Rate Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(4), pages 635-654.
- Richard Baldwin & Paul R. Krugman, 1986. "Persistent Trade Effects of Large Exchage Rate Shocks," NBER Working Papers 2017, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-670, May.
- Timothy Dunne & Mark J. Roberts & Larry Samuelson, 1989. "The Growth and Failure of U. S. Manufacturing Plants," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(4), pages 671-698.
- Dunne, T. & Roberts, M.J. & Samuelson, L., 1988. "The Growth And Failure Of U.S. Manufacturing Plants," Papers 1-87-5, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
- Avinash Dixit, 1992. "Investment and Hysteresis," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 107-132, Winter. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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