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Work, Rest, and Search: Unemployment, Turnover, and the Cycle

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  • Jovanovic, Boyan

Abstract

This paper presents a model that generates procyclical search, procyclical labor productivity, and countercyclical unemployment broadly consistent with the actual behavior of these time series. Concretely, the model introduces an aggregate shock into the sectoral demand-shift model of the type analyzed by Robert Lucas and Edward Prescott. If aggregate shocks operate multiplicatively and are autocorrelated, the payoff to unemployed search can be procyclical to an extent large enough to offset the productive losses associated with search that also are procyclical. Copyright 1987 by University of Chicago Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Jovanovic, Boyan, 1987. "Work, Rest, and Search: Unemployment, Turnover, and the Cycle," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(2), pages 131-148, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:5:y:1987:i:2:p:131-48
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    Cited by:

    1. Xiaolin Xing & Zhenlin Yang, 2005. "Determinants of Job Turnover Intentions: Evidence from Singapore," SCAPE Policy Research Working Paper Series 0515, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics, SCAPE.
    2. Gomes, Joao & Greenwood, Jeremy & Rebelo, Sergio, 2001. "Equilibrium unemployment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 109-152, August.
    3. Jeremy Greenwood & Nezih Guner, 2006. "Social Change," 2006 Meeting Papers 79, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Jeremy Greenwood & Nezih Guner, 2009. "Marriage and Divorce since World War II: Analyzing the Role of Technological Progress on the Formation of Households," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2008, Volume 23, pages 231-276 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Alvarez, Fernando & Veracierto, Marcelo, 2012. "Fixed-term employment contracts in an equilibrium search model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 147(5), pages 1725-1753.
    6. Ludo Visschers & Carlos Carrillo-Tudela, 2011. "Unemployment and Endogenous Reallocation over the Business Cycle," 2011 Meeting Papers 1101, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. repec:eee:eecrev:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:1-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Bårdsen Gunnar & Hurn Stanley & McHugh Zöe, 2012. "Asymmetric Unemployment Rate Dynamics in Australia," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 1-22, January.
    9. Simonetta Longhi, 2011. "On-The-Job Search: Amount, Regional, And Cyclical Variation. Evidence From Great Britain," ERSA conference papers ersa10p294, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Caplin, Andrew & Leahy, John, 2000. "Mass layoffs and unemployment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 121-142, August.
    11. Anja Bauer & Ian King, 2015. "The Hartz Reforms, the German Miracle, and the Reallocation Puzzle," Discussion Papers Series 550, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    12. Yann Algan & Arnaud Cheron & Jean-Olivier Hairault & Francois Langot, 2003. "Wealth Effect on Labor Market Transitions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), pages 156-178, January.
    13. Fernando Alvarez & Robert Shimer, 2011. "Search and Rest Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(1), pages 75-122, January.
    14. Bauer, Anja, 2015. "Reallocation patterns across occupations," IAB Discussion Paper 201526, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    15. Jordi Gali, 1995. "Non-Walrasian Unemployment Fluctuations," NBER Working Papers 5337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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