Welfare Payments and Other Economic Determinants of Female Migration
This article investigates the effects of welfare payments, wages, and unemployment on women's probability of interstate migration. It also investigates if the income attraction of locations varies with recency of labor market experience. Welfare gains increase the probability of interstate migration. Welfare effects are largest for single mothers with small children and stronger among women with no recent labor market experience. The welfare effects, albeit small, are larger than the wage effects. The wage effects are weaker among women with no recent work experience. Ethnic-specific analyses suggest differences in migration behavior among Anglos, African-Americans, and Puerto Ricans. Copyright 1997 by University of Chicago Press.
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