Urbanisation, Inégalités Urbaines Et Développement En Turquie (1950-2000)
The development of urbanization and a high population growth rate in large cities are a major feature of Turkey between 1950 and 2000. The degree of urban primacy - whether we consider the share of the largest city or of the two largest cities, Istanbul and Ankara - in the national urban population, follow a bell-shaped curve along with economic development: a gradual rise between 1960 and 1980, followed by a slow decline. These two major stages which identify the urban structure can be particularly explained by the combination of two factors: the industrialization which has promoted the growth of non-agricultural employment and the rural exodus, and the transition since 1980 from Import-Substituting Industrialization policies to economic openness and export promotion strategies.
Volume (Year): 34 (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
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