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Urbanisation, Inégalités Urbaines Et Développement En Turquie (1950-2000)

Author

Listed:
  • Maurice CATIN

    () (LEAD, Université du Sud Toulon-Var)

  • Abdelhak KAMAL

    (Instance Nationale d’Evaluation, Rabat, Maroc et LEAD, Université du Sud Toulon-Var)

Abstract

The development of urbanization and a high population growth rate in large cities are a major feature of Turkey between 1950 and 2000. The degree of urban primacy - whether we consider the share of the largest city or of the two largest cities, Istanbul and Ankara - in the national urban population, follow a bell-shaped curve along with economic development: a gradual rise between 1960 and 1980, followed by a slow decline. These two major stages which identify the urban structure can be particularly explained by the combination of two factors: the industrialization which has promoted the growth of non-agricultural employment and the rural exodus, and the transition since 1980 from Import-Substituting Industrialization policies to economic openness and export promotion strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Maurice CATIN & Abdelhak KAMAL, 2011. "Urbanisation, Inégalités Urbaines Et Développement En Turquie (1950-2000)," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 34, pages 141-162.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:34:y:2011:p:141-162
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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R34/8-CatinKamal.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    URBANISATION; PRIMATIE URBAINE; ÉTAPES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT; TURQUIE;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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