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Another empirical look at the Kuznets curve

Author

Listed:
  • Rabindra Bhandari

    () (Westminster College, Fulton, MO 65251, USA)

  • Gyan Pradhan

    () (Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY 40475, USA)

  • Mukti Upadhyay

    () (Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL 61920, USA)

Abstract

This paper examines the functional relationships between income inequality, economic factors, institutions, and Kuznets’ inverted-U hypothesis. A model that ncorporates interactive as well as direct effects of several factors to capture their combined effect on inequality is developed. The model is estimated using two popular measures of inequality—the Gini coefficient, and the ratio of income shares in income distribution—using a panel data set for 57 countries from 1987 to 2006. The results provide support for Kuznets' hypothesis; however, the relationship between growth and inequality is conditioned by a host of economic and institutional factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Rabindra Bhandari & Gyan Pradhan & Mukti Upadhyay, 2010. "Another empirical look at the Kuznets curve," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 3(2), pages 7-19, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:3:y:2010:i:2:p:7-19
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    File URL: http://ijbesar.teiemt.gr/docs/volume3_issue2/kuznets.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 1997. "What Can New Survey Data Tell Us about Recent Changes in Distribution and Poverty?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(2), pages 357-382, May.
    2. Galor, Oded & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1996. "Income Distribution and Growth: The Kuznets Hypothesis Revisited," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(250), pages 103-117, Suppl..
    3. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
    4. (River) Huang, Ho-Chuan & Lin, Shu-Chin & Suen, Yu-Bo & Yeh, Chih-Chuan, 2007. "A quantile inference of the Kuznets hypothesis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 559-570, July.
    5. Lopez , J. Humberto & Perry, Guillermo, 2008. "Inequality in Latin America : determinants and consequences," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4504, The World Bank.
    6. Francois, Joseph & Rojas-Romagosa, Hugo, 2005. "The Construction and Interpretation of Combined Cross-Section and Time-Series Inequality Datasets," CEPR Discussion Papers 5214, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Mattias Lundberg & Lyn Squire, 2003. "The simultaneous evolution of growth and inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(487), pages 326-344, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Monica Szeles, 2013. "Re-examining the relationship between economic growth and inequality in the New Member States," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 47(5), pages 2799-2813, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Kuznets curve; inequality; growth; Gini coefficient; income shares;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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