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Climate co-benefit policies for the Indian power sector: domestic drivers and North-South cooperation

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  • ANOOP SINGH

Abstract

The Indian electricity sector offers the possibility for efficiency improvements across power generation, transmission and end-use of electricity. Three specific climate co-benefit policy options are identified which have significant potential to mitigate CO 2 emissions in the Indian power sector: (1) the adoption of clean and efficient coal-based generation technology, (2) upgrading the low-tension (LT) distribution network to a high-voltage distribution system (HVDS), and (3) the adoption of efficient agricultural pump sets. Policy simulations suggest that an agricultural pump set replacement programme could reduce emissions by 5-30% per annum. In addition to improving technical efficiency, this could also help to improve economic efficiency if implemented jointly with electricity metering. The implementation requires the engagement of various stakeholders. The need for up-front capital requirements is a significant barrier for implementation but creates opportunities for international cooperation. Policy relevance: The study identifies three features of an effective approach to realize energy efficiency and lowcarbon opportunities. First, a comprehensive analysis can identify energy savings opportunities along the entire value chain. Second, technical linkages between the quality of the distribution network and the requirements of efficient pumps create benefits from the combined implementation of individual measures. Third, the sharing of energy savings between stakeholders can create political support for actions and can contribute to long-term objectives; for example the delivery of new pumps with electricity meters. This illustrates the benefit of an overall low-carbon development strategy capturing analytical, technological and political links. It allows for the identification of specific transitions and can be implemented with a set of policies and actions that are supported by domestic stakeholders, and can be enhanced if also supported by international support mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

  • Anoop Singh, 2009. "Climate co-benefit policies for the Indian power sector: domestic drivers and North-South cooperation," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(5), pages 529-543, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:9:y:2009:i:5:p:529-543
    DOI: 10.3763/cpol.2009.0639
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. World Bank, 2001. "India : Power Supply to Agriculture, Volume 1. Summary Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15288, The World Bank.
    2. World Bank, 2001. "India : Power Supply to Agriculture, Volume 2. Haryana Case Study," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15285, The World Bank.
    3. World Bank, 2001. "India : Power Supply to Agriculture, Volume 3. Andhra Pradesh Case Study," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15279, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yang, Jin & Song, Dan & Wu, Feng, 2017. "Regional variations of environmental co-benefits of wind power generation in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 206(C), pages 1267-1281.
    2. Ian Rowlands, 2011. "Ancillary impacts of energy-related climate change mitigation options in Africa’s least developed countries," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 16(7), pages 749-773, October.
    3. Ian H. Rowlands, 2011. "Co-impacts of energy-related climate change mitigation in Africa�s least developed countries: the evidence base and research needs," GRI Working Papers 39, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.

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